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Occupational food-related hand dermatoses seen over a 10-year period.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22486568     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Background. Protein contact dermatitis was originally defined in 1976 by Hjorth and Roed-Petersen as a distinct kind of dermatitis seen in patients with occupational food contact. Even though occupational skin diseases are frequent in Denmark, little attention has been paid to protein contact dermatitis, and the frequency is unknown. Objectives. To evaluate the frequency of occupational food-related hand dermatoses and test results in patients occupationally exposed to foods. Materials and Methods. This was a retrospective study based on examinations, including skin prick testing and patch testing, performed at the Department of Dermato-Allergology, Gentofte University Hospital, Denmark between 2001 and 2010. Results. Of all patients (n = 372), 57.0% had irritant contact dermatitis, 22.0% had protein contact dermatitis, 2.4% had contact urticaria, and 1.8% had allergic contact dermatitis. A suggestion for diagnostic criteria is presented. Frequent risk occupations were cooking in restaurants, baking, and kitchen work. Substantially more patients reacted in skin prick testing with fresh foods than with food extracts. Conclusion. Protein contact dermatitis is a frequent disorder among patients who professionally handle foods, and should be considered to be a distinct clinical entity. When diagnosing protein contact dermatitis and in other food-related skin prick testing procedures, it is important to include fresh foods.
Authors:
Lotte Vester; Jacob P Thyssen; Torkil Menné; Jeanne Duus Johansen
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Contact dermatitis     Volume:  66     ISSN:  1600-0536     ISO Abbreviation:  Contact Derm.     Publication Date:  2012 May 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-04-10     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7604950     Medline TA:  Contact Dermatitis     Country:  Denmark    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  264-70     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
© 2012 John Wiley & Sons A/S.
Affiliation:
Department of Dermato-Allergology, National Allergy Research Centre, Copenhagen University Hospital Gentofte, 2900 Hellerup, Denmark.
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