Document Detail

Occupational dermatoses and allergy to metals in Polish construction workers manufacturing prefabricated building units.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  2144804     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
The incidence of dermatoses and allergy to metals (Cr, Co, Ni) was determined in 1782 workers exposed to cement, waste fly ash and asbestos cement. They were also exposed to reclaimed (used), mineral oils. Dermatitis was found in 23.6% of the subjects, and oil acne in 11.2%. Allergy to chromium was found in 23% of the subjects; the % of definitely positive patch test results (the total of positive +(+) and strongly positive +(+)+ was, however, 8.6%. Allergy to cobalt was found in 13.4% of the subjects examined (definite in 3.1%). Allergy to nickel was found in 2.7% of the subjects (definite in 1.1%). The risks of occurrence of occupational skin disease and allergy to metals in subjects exposed to ash were found to be lower than in subjects exposed to cement, and were similar to those in subjects exposed to asbestos cement. Overall chromium, cobalt and nickel contents in ash and asbestos were higher than in cement. Soluble chromium compound content in ash was lower than in cement from European countries and similar to that in American cement.
M Kieć-Swierczyńska
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Contact dermatitis     Volume:  23     ISSN:  0105-1873     ISO Abbreviation:  Contact Derm.     Publication Date:  1990 Jul 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1990-10-19     Completed Date:  1990-10-19     Revised Date:  2004-11-17    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7604950     Medline TA:  Contact Dermatitis     Country:  DENMARK    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  27-32     Citation Subset:  IM    
Nofer Institute of Occupational Medicine, Lódź, Poland.
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MeSH Terms
Acne Vulgaris / epidemiology,  etiology
Construction Materials / adverse effects*
Dermatitis, Contact / epidemiology,  etiology*
Dermatitis, Occupational / epidemiology,  etiology*
Metals / adverse effects*
Patch Tests
Poland / epidemiology
Reg. No./Substance:

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