Document Detail

Occupational contact dermatitis among the traditional 'tie and dye' cottage industry in Western Rajasthan.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  16394457     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
BACKGROUND: Dyeing is an age-old process and forms an integral part of textile industries. Tying is a process by which a particular part of cloth is prevented from the process of dyeing. The skin diseases in workers engaged in the 'tie and dye' industry have not been extensively studied. AIMS: To study the prevalence of contact dermatitis among workers engaged in the 'tie and dye' industries in and around Jodhpur (Western Rajasthan). METHODS: One thousand three hundred workers engaged in 'tie and dye' work were evaluated for occupation-related dermatitis. Those with skin lesions were subjected to patch tests using 2% aqueous solution of the dyes and chemicals commonly used by them. These included direct dyes, VAT dyes, sulfur dyes and azo dyes. Fifty workers without skin lesions served as controls. RESULTS: One hundred patients (7.69%) had dermatitis involving the exposed sites, mainly the hands and forearms. Eighty-one patients showed positive reactions to one or more dyes, most commonly Red RC base (azo dye), followed by naphthol. CONCLUSION: Red RC base and naphthol were the commonest allergens in the 'tie and dye' industry.
M K Singhi; P R Menghani; L K Gupta; Dilip Kachhawa; Mohit Bansal
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Indian journal of dermatology, venereology and leprology     Volume:  71     ISSN:  0378-6323     ISO Abbreviation:  Indian J Dermatol Venereol Leprol     Publication Date:    2005 Sep-Oct
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2006-01-05     Completed Date:  2006-03-23     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7701852     Medline TA:  Indian J Dermatol Venereol Leprol     Country:  India    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  329-32     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Dermatology, Venereology and Leprosy, Dr. S. N. Medical College, Jodhpur, Rajasthan, India.
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MeSH Terms
Allergens / adverse effects
Case-Control Studies
Coloring Agents / adverse effects*
Dermatitis, Occupational / epidemiology*
India / epidemiology
Middle Aged
Naphthols / adverse effects*
Patch Tests
Textile Industry*
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Allergens; 0/Coloring Agents; 0/Naphthols

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