Document Detail


Occupational biological risk knowledge and perception: results from a large survey in Rome, Italy.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22751556     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Background. A cross-sectional survey on knowledge and perception of occupational biological risk among workers in several occupations was carried out in the industrial area of Rome. Methods. The study was carried out in the period of March-April 2010 using a questionnaire with 33 items on the following areas: a) socio-demographic data; b) perception of the biological risks in ordinary occupational activity; c) knowledge about biological risks; d) biological risks in the working environment. The questionnaire was submitted to a convenience sample of workers of an industrial area in Southern Rome. Results. 729 participants entered the study from the following work activities: food, catering, service, farming and breeding, healthcare, school and research (males 57.2%; mean age 37.4 years, SD = 10.9). Significant associations were found between different activity areas with respect to the relevance of the biological risk (p = 0.044) and the perception of the biological risk (p < 0.001). With respect to vehicles of infectious agents, the highest percentages of the most common biological risk exposures were: air and physical contact for the catering and food group, 66.7% and 61.90% respectively; air and blood for the health and research group, with 73.50% and 57.00% respectively; and physical contact and blood for the service group, 63.10 % and 48.30%. Significant difference of proportions were found about the prevalent effect caused by the biological agents was the occurrence of infectious diseases (59.90% food group, 91.60% health and research and 79.30% service group) (p < 0.001). The perception of knowledge resulted in a good rank (sufficient, many or complete) in the food and catering group, 78.3% with significant difference compared to other professions (p < 0.001). Conclusions. All participants show good knowledge the effects induced by biological agents and it is significant that almost half of the respondents are aware of the risks concerning allergies. Nevertheless, it is surprising that this risk is known mainly by workers of service, farming and breeding, to a greater extent than it is known by health workers.
Authors:
Maria De Giusti; Carmela Rn Corrao; Alice Mannocci; Caterina Palazzo; Roberta Riccardi; Silvia Lisa Schmidt; Sabrina Sernia; Giuseppe La Torre
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Annali dell'Istituto superiore di sanita     Volume:  48     ISSN:  0021-2571     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2012  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-7-3     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7502520     Medline TA:  Ann Ist Super Sanita     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  138-145     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
Dipartimento di Sanità Pubblica e Malattie Infettive, Sezione di Igiene, Sapienza Università di Roma, Rome, Italy.
Vernacular Title:
Conoscenza e percezione del rischio biologico occupazionale: risultati di una indagine condotta a Roma, Italia.
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