Document Detail


Occupational behaviors and farmworkers' pesticide exposure: findings from a study in Monterey County, California.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  18702096     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
BACKGROUND: We studied the relationship between behaviors promoted through the US Environmental Protection Agency Worker Protection Standard (WPS) and other programs and agricultural pesticide exposures in 73 strawberry fieldworkers employed in Monterey County, California.
METHODS: Farmworkers' behaviors were assessed via self-report and organophosphorus (OP) pesticide exposure was measured using dimethyl alkylphosphate (DMAP) and malathion dicarboxylic acid (MDA) urinary metabolite levels.
RESULTS: Wearing WPS-recommended clothing, wearing clean work clothes, and the combination of handwashing with soap and wearing gloves were associated with decreases in DMAP and MDA metabolite levels. Despite these protective behaviors, however, participants had significantly higher levels of exposure as compared with a national reference sample.
CONCLUSIONS: Interventions that facilitate compliance with these behaviors may be effective in decreasing fieldworkers' pesticide exposures. However, further efforts are needed to reduce the exposure disparities experienced by farmworkers and decrease the potential for "take home" exposures to farmworkers' families.
Authors:
Alicia L Salvatore; Asa Bradman; Rosemary Castorina; José Camacho; Jesús López; Dana B Barr; John Snyder; Nicholas P Jewell; Brenda Eskenazi
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  American journal of industrial medicine     Volume:  51     ISSN:  1097-0274     ISO Abbreviation:  Am. J. Ind. Med.     Publication Date:  2008 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2008-09-10     Completed Date:  2008-09-30     Revised Date:  2011-04-26    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8101110     Medline TA:  Am J Ind Med     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  782-94     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
Published 2008 Wiley-Liss, Inc.
Affiliation:
Center for Children's Environmental Health Research, School of Public Health, University of California, Berkeley, California 94720-7380, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adult
Agriculture*
Behavior
California
Dicarboxylic Acids / urine
Female
Handwashing*
Humans
Malathion / metabolism,  urine*
Male
Occupational Exposure*
Pesticide Residues / urine*
Pesticides / urine*
Protective Clothing / utilization*
Grant Support
ID/Acronym/Agency:
P01 ES009605/ES/NIEHS NIH HHS; P01 ES009605-05/ES/NIEHS NIH HHS; P01 ES009605-109003/ES/NIEHS NIH HHS; R01 ES011352-05/ES/NIEHS NIH HHS; R01 ES11352/ES/NIEHS NIH HHS
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Dicarboxylic Acids; 0/Pesticide Residues; 0/Pesticides; 121-75-5/Malathion
Comments/Corrections

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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