Document Detail


Occupational allergy to animals.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  10329906     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
This chapter reviews the epidemiology, manifestations, etiologic agents, and exposure controls related to occupational allergies from animals and insects, including both respiratory and dermatologic responses. The overall prevalence of allergic respiratory symptoms in exposed workers is about 23% 4-9% of exposed individuals develop asthma. Symptom development is related to duration and intensity of exposure. The most prevalent dermatologic findings are contact urticaria and eczematous dermatitis. While a history of atopy is associated with the risk of symptom development, this factor has poor predictive value for any given individual. Similarly, skin testing and RAST testing are not sufficiently predictive to be recommended as screening tools, although they may identify individuals at some increased risk. The specific tissue sources of the major allergens are reviewed; for laboratory rats and mice, a urinary protein complex has been implicated. Environmental control of antigens is key in the prevention of allergic disease. Task-specific engineering controls, general environmental hygiene, training, and medical surveillance of workers are important elements of the prevention program.
Authors:
J P Seward
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Review    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Occupational medicine (Philadelphia, Pa.)     Volume:  14     ISSN:  0885-114X     ISO Abbreviation:  Occup Med     Publication Date:    1999 Apr-Jun
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1999-08-12     Completed Date:  1999-08-12     Revised Date:  2005-11-16    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8605629     Medline TA:  Occup Med     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  285-304     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Health Services Department, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, Livermore, California 94551, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Animal Husbandry* / education,  statistics & numerical data
Animal Population Groups*
Animal Technicians* / education,  statistics & numerical data
Animals
Cattle
Dogs
Humans
Hypersensitivity / diagnosis,  epidemiology,  etiology*,  prevention & control*
Incidence
Mice
Occupational Diseases / diagnosis,  epidemiology,  etiology*,  prevention & control*
Occupational Health*
Prevalence
Rats
Risk Factors
Veterinarians* / statistics & numerical data

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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