Document Detail


Occupant injury severity from lateral collisions: a literature review.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  19945555     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
PROBLEM: Side impacts are a serious automotive injury problem; they represent about 30% of all fatalities for passenger vehicle occupants. This literature review focuses on occupant injuries resulting from real lateral collisions. It emphasizes the interaction between injury patterns and crash factors, taking into account type of injuries and their severity. It highlights what is known on the subject and suggests further studies. METHOD: We reviewed papers identified by searches in two electronic databases for the 1996-2009 publication period, and in specific journals and conference proceedings. RESULTS: Studies on the Primary Direction of Force (PDOF) have revealed that fatal crashes occur most frequently when the PDOF is at 3 or 9 o'clock. The risk of serious injury is two to three times higher for the near-side occupant than for the far-side occupant. Head injuries predominate in oblique impacts and thoracic injuries in perpendicular ones. A few results are also reported on side airbag protection. CONCLUSIONS: This literature review presents an overall picture of the injuries caused by lateral collisions, though each of the papers or articles examined focuses mostly on some particular aspect of the problem. The incidence of specific injuries depends on the data source used. Very few population-based analyses of lateral collision injuries were found. IMPACT ON INDUSTRY: New studies are needed to evaluate new protective devices (e.g., lateral airbags, inflatable curtains). Without interfering with their care duties, Emergency Medical Technicians could be systematically trained to observe the collision's specific characteristics and to report all their relevant observations to the emergency physicians to increase the likelihood of prompt diagnosis and proper care.
Authors:
Claire Laberge-Nadeau; Fran??ois Bellavance; St??phane Messier; Lyne V??zina; Fernand Pichette
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Review     Date:  2009-10-24
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of safety research     Volume:  40     ISSN:  1879-1247     ISO Abbreviation:  J Safety Res     Publication Date:  2009  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2009-11-30     Completed Date:  2010-02-02     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  1264241     Medline TA:  J Safety Res     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  427-35     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Social and Preventive Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Universit?? de Montr??al, Canada.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Accidents, Traffic / classification*
Automobile Driving*
Databases as Topic
Humans
Trauma Severity Indices*
Wounds and Injuries / classification*,  physiopathology

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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