Document Detail

Occlusion of experimentally created fusiform aneurysms with porous metallic stents.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  10782788     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Carotid fusiform aneurysms are most commonly treated with occlusion of the parent vessel. The purpose of our study was to assess the effectiveness of self-expanding, cobalt-alloy stents in the ablation of experimental fusiform aneurysms with preservation of the parent vessel in a carotid artery model. METHODS: Porous metallic stents were placed endovascularly along the lengths of experimentally created fusiform aneurysms in the carotid arteries of dogs; aneurysms were also created in the animals' opposite carotid arteries to serve as controls. RESULTS: Before stent placement, angiography of the carotid arteries showed large fusiform aneurysms along the lengths of the common carotid arteries and complex patterns of flow. Immediately after stent placement there was disruption of the usual flow patterns within the lumens of the fusiform aneurysms. The lumen between the wall of the aneurysm and stented carotid showed stasis of contrast material and blood. Near-complete ablation of all aneurysms was observed 8 weeks after stent placement. The stented carotid arteries remained widely patent; control aneurysms and carotid arteries were patent and unchanged. Histopathologic analysis revealed fibrotic reactive scar tissue filling the space between the stent wires and outer wall of the fusiform aneurysm. CONCLUSION: Changing blood flow dynamics within an aneurysm can promote thrombus formation. The stent promotes stasis and thrombus within the residual lumen between the stent wall and the outer wall of the aneurysm because its woven wire mesh interferes with usual blood flow patterns, which then promotes formation of thrombus and fibrosis within the residual aneurysmal lumen.
G Geremia; T Brack; L Brennecke; M Haklin; R Falter
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  AJNR. American journal of neuroradiology     Volume:  21     ISSN:  0195-6108     ISO Abbreviation:  AJNR Am J Neuroradiol     Publication Date:  2000 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2000-06-26     Completed Date:  2000-06-26     Revised Date:  2008-02-14    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8003708     Medline TA:  AJNR Am J Neuroradiol     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  739-45     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Radiology, Rush-Presbyterian-St Luke's Medical Center, Chicago, IL 60612, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Aneurysm / pathology,  therapy*
Carotid Artery Diseases / pathology,  therapy*

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