Document Detail


Obstructive sleep apnoea: a cephalometric study. Part II. Uvulo-glossopharyngeal morphology.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  7737346     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
A comprehensive cephalometric analysis of uvulo-glossopharyngeal morphology in 100 patients with obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA) and 36 controls was performed. The aberrations in OSA patients included: 1. Increased length, thickness, and sagittal area of soft palate (PM-U; SPT; SPA: P < 0.001) with a more upright position (NL/PM-U: P < 0.05) and 15 per cent more pharyngeal area occupation [SPA/(OPA-OA): P < 0.001]. 2. The contact length between the soft palate and the tongue was increased approximately two-fold (CL: P < 0.001). 3. The sagittal area of the tongue was 10 per cent larger (TA: P < 0.001) despite similar length and height and 3 per cent more oral area occupation (TA/OA: P < 0.05). 4. More upright tongue position (VT/FH: P < 0.05) and caudally extended tongue mass (V perpendicular FH: P < 0.05). 5. Decreased sagittal dimensions of nasopharynx (pm-UPW: P < 0.001), velopharynx (U-MPW: P < 0.001) and minimum distance between the base of the tongue and the posterior pharyngeal wall (PASmin: P < 0.001). 6. The residual oropharyngeal area (area not occupied by soft tissues) was 9 per cent less due to larger tongue and soft palate [(TA+SPA)/OPA: P < 0.001]. Cephalometric analysis is highly recommended in OSA patients as one of the most important tools in diagnosis and treatment planning.
Authors:
V Tangugsorn; O Skatvedt; O Krogstad; T Lyberg
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  European journal of orthodontics     Volume:  17     ISSN:  0141-5387     ISO Abbreviation:  Eur J Orthod     Publication Date:  1995 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1995-06-08     Completed Date:  1995-06-08     Revised Date:  2004-11-17    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7909010     Medline TA:  Eur J Orthod     Country:  ENGLAND    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  57-67     Citation Subset:  D; IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Orthodontics, University of Oslo, Norway.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adult
Aged
Case-Control Studies
Cephalometry*
Humans
Male
Middle Aged
Nasopharynx / pathology
Oropharynx / pathology
Palate, Soft / pathology
Pharynx / pathology*
Sleep Apnea Syndromes / pathology*
Tongue / pathology*
Uvula / pathology*

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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