Document Detail

Obstruction of common bile duct caused by liver fluke--Fasciola hepatica.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  11220154     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Three cases of obstruction of the common bile duct by Fasciola hepatica with two of the patients presenting jaundice are reported. The authors have reviewed several publications concerning common bile duct obstruction by liver fluke, a quite rare complication of fascioliasis. Only nineteen cases of common bile duct obstruction caused by Fasciola hepatica have been reported in a review of medical publications during last ten years. Clinical presentation, diagnostic methods and considerations, types of surgery are fairly uniform in all of the reported cases. Almost all of patients reviewed, had the history, symptoms and signs characteristic for cholelithiasis including recurrent colic pain in right hypochondriac area, fever or subfebrile temperature, fluctuating or stabile jaundice, and palpable painful gallbladder. The laboratory findings in all cases reviewed had shown leucocytosis, eosinophilia, high or slight elevated serum bilirubin. Echographically commonly revealed dilated intra- and extrahepatic bile ducts containing one or more hyperechogenic elements with or without casting an acoustic shadow. All patients underwent open surgery, comprised with choledochotomy and if possible extraction of the fluke. Only two postoperative cases were of necessity followed by ERCP. In all of our cases the primary pre-operative diagnosis was choledocholithiasis, with diagnose of fascioliasis established at the operation. According to the literature this uncertainty in diagnosis is common because of difficulties in differentiation of fascioliasis versus choledocholithiasis. Considerations for making the differential diagnosis--a history of origin or visiting in endemic area of infection, history of eating of aquatic vegetables, laboratory findings including eosinophilia, fasciola eggs in stool, sonography and radiological imaging results and enzyme-linked immunosorbent essay (ELISA) which has been shown to be rapid, sensitive and quantitative. In all three cases we have observed intraoperative significant signs for liver fascioliasis to include surface scarring of the left lobe on the liver--tracks caused by subcapsular migration and location of the hepatic lesions (these findings were also seen by two authors in literature) with resemblance to Japanese letters. The most effective drug for treatment of fascioliasis according to our experience and literature reviewed is bithionol.
M Kiladze; L Chipashvili; D Abuladze; D Jatchvliani
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Case Reports; Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Sborník lékar̆ský     Volume:  101     ISSN:  0036-5327     ISO Abbreviation:  Sb Lek     Publication Date:  2000  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2001-02-23     Completed Date:  2001-03-15     Revised Date:  2009-11-11    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0025770     Medline TA:  Sb Lek     Country:  Czech Republic    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  255-9     Citation Subset:  IM    
National Center of Hepatobiliary Surgery, Tbilisi, Georgia.
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MeSH Terms
Cholestasis, Extrahepatic / etiology*
Common Bile Duct Diseases / etiology*
Fascioliasis / complications*

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