Document Detail


Obstetric dimensions of the true pelvis in a medieval population from Sudanese Nubia.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  1463086     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Functional analysis of the true pelvis (defined as that portion lying below and including the pelvic brim) was undertaken on a sample of 36 females from the Medieval site of Kulubnarti in Sudanese Nubia. Standard obstetric measurements were taken and compared to four additional prehistoric skeletal samples and to modern American standards for the same obstetric dimensions. Relative to the other prehistoric populations, the Kulubnarti pelves are smaller in most dimensions and, when compared to modern American standards, from one-third to one-half would be diagnosed as contracted in one or more planes. Given the meager, fluctuating resources of these Medieval Nubians' harsh desert environment, pelvic size reduction is a likely result of body size reduction as one biological response to nutritional stress (Mittler and Van Gerven, 1989; Moore et al., 1986; Van Gerven et al., 1981). It is argued, however, that size reduction created a high potential for either maternal-neonatal morbidity and mortality due to fetopelvic disproportion or neonatal loss due to low birth weight. In either case, it is suggested that the Kulubnarti population paid a significant biological price for this aspect of size reduction.
Authors:
L M Sibley; G J Armelagos; D P Van Gerven
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Historical Article; Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  American journal of physical anthropology     Volume:  89     ISSN:  0002-9483     ISO Abbreviation:  Am. J. Phys. Anthropol.     Publication Date:  1992 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1993-01-12     Completed Date:  1993-01-12     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0400654     Medline TA:  Am J Phys Anthropol     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  421-30     Citation Subset:  IM; Q    
Affiliation:
University of Colorado, Boulder 80309.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adult
Anthropometry
Body Constitution
Female
History, Ancient
History, Medieval
Humans
Paleontology*
Pelvic Bones / anatomy & histology*
Reproduction
Sudan

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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