Document Detail

Observed seat belt use in Kumasi Metropolis, Ghana.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20945246     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
We conducted an observational survey of seat belt use to determine the use rate of drivers and front-right passengers of vehicles in Kumasi, Ghana. Unobtrusive observations of seat belt use were made at 41 locations composed of signalized intersections and roundabouts where vehicles come to a halt or slow down considerably. The overall driver seat belt use rate was 17.6% compared to 4.9% for front-right passengers. Driver belt use was 33.2% for private cars, 9.0% for taxis, 8.3% for minibus (trotro), 13.1% for large buses and 9.7% for trucks. Overall seat belt use was higher for female drivers than for male drivers (44.8% versus 16.4%, p < .001), was lowest within the Central Business District (CBD) compared to the outskirts of the city (16.3% versus 21.0%, p < .001) and seat belt use rate increased with age. Passengers belted more often if drivers were belted, but about three-quarters of male passengers and 70-80% of female passengers were unbelted even when drivers were belted. In conclusion, the seat belt use rate was generally low in Kumasi, Ghana, and it is a function of occupant seating position, gender, vehicle type and usage, age group, and location setting. The results provide important preliminary data about seat belt use, particularly among male drivers and commercial vehicle occupant population. The study also suggests the need to develop effective strategies and programs that address low seat belt use in Ghana.
Francis K Afukaar; James Damsere-Derry; Williams Ackaah
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of prevention & intervention in the community     Volume:  38     ISSN:  1540-7330     ISO Abbreviation:  J Prev Interv Community     Publication Date:  2010 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-10-14     Completed Date:  2011-02-02     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9702085     Medline TA:  J Prev Interv Community     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  280-9     Citation Subset:  IM    
Council for Scientific and Industrial Research, Building and Road Research Institute, Kumasi, Ghana.
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MeSH Terms
Accidents, Traffic / prevention & control*
Automobile Driving / statistics & numerical data*
Ghana / epidemiology
Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice*
Health Promotion / organization & administration*
Middle Aged
Regression Analysis
Seat Belts / utilization*
Sex Distribution
Urban Population / statistics & numerical data*
Wounds and Injuries / prevention & control
Young Adult

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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