Document Detail

Observations on some epidemiological aspects of toxoplasmosis in Malaysia.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  6389404     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
A review of the various studies on toxoplasmosis in peninsular Malaysia is presented. The period of review spanned between 1973 and 1980 during which a number of serological surveys were carried out for the presence of Toxoplasma gondii antibody in Malaysians, using either the indirect hemagglutination (I.H.A.) or the indirect fluorescent antibody (I.F.A.) tests. The prevalence rates of Toxoplasma antibody were consistently foundhighest among Malays, followed by Indians, Orang Aslis (Aborigines) and lowest among Malays, followed by Indians, Orang Aslia (Aborigines) and lowest among Chinese, the 4 major ethnic groups living in Malaysia. Positive titres, present in all age groups, showed an increase with age but no difference due to sex. However, higher prevalence of positive cases was recorded among rural dwellers and the lower socioeconomic group than from urban dwellers. The possible routes of infection among the ethnic groups were discussed. Among animal populations, the presence of Toxoplasma antibody was detected in buffaloes, swine, goats, cattle, cats and dogs. The epidemiological importance of the findings are discussed and suggestions made for future studies.
A A Saleha
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  International journal of zoonoses     Volume:  11     ISSN:  0377-0168     ISO Abbreviation:  Int J Zoonoses     Publication Date:  1984 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1985-01-22     Completed Date:  1985-01-22     Revised Date:  2004-11-17    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7505008     Medline TA:  Int J Zoonoses     Country:  TAIWAN    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  75-83     Citation Subset:  IM    
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MeSH Terms
Age Factors
Antibodies / analysis
Child, Preschool
Ethnic Groups
Fluorescent Antibody Technique
Hemagglutination Tests
Sex Factors
Socioeconomic Factors
Toxoplasma / immunology
Toxoplasmosis / epidemiology*
Toxoplasmosis, Animal / epidemiology*
Reg. No./Substance:

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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