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Objectively recorded physical activity and the association with gestational diabetes.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  24894027     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The aim of this population-based study was to assess the association between objectively recorded physical activity (PA) in early gestation and gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) identified at 28 weeks of gestation in a multi-ethnic cohort of healthy pregnant women in Oslo, Norway. In total, 759 women were included. In early gestation (<20 weeks), light-, moderate-, and vigorous-intensity PA and number of steps were objectively recorded (SenseWear™ Armband Pro3), and self-reported PA, demographics, and anthropometrics were collected. The 75-g oral glucose tolerance test was performed at 28 weeks of gestation. Women with GDM had fewer objectively recorded steps (mean 7964 steps/day vs 8879 steps/day, P < 0.001) and minutes of moderate-to-vigorous-intensity PA (median 62 min/day vs 75 min/day, P = 0.004) in early gestation than women without GDM. Additionally, 30% of women with GDM compared with 44% (P < 0.001) of women without GDM self-reported regular PA before pregnancy. The significant inverse association between objectively recorded steps per day in early gestation and GDM persisted after adjustment for ethnic origin, weeks of gestation, age, parity, pre-pregnancy BMI, early life socioeconomic position, and self-reported regular PA before pregnancy. The adjusted odds ratio for GDM decreased 19% per standard deviation (3159 steps) increase in objectively recorded steps per day (P = 0.039). Daily life PA in early gestation measured as steps/day was associated with lower risk of GDM.
Authors:
K Mørkrid; A K Jenum; S Berntsen; L Sletner; K R Richardsen; S Vangen; I Holme; K I Birkeland
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2014-2-18
Journal Detail:
Title:  Scandinavian journal of medicine & science in sports     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1600-0838     ISO Abbreviation:  Scand J Med Sci Sports     Publication Date:  2014 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2014-6-4     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9111504     Medline TA:  Scand J Med Sci Sports     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
© 2014 John Wiley & Sons A/S. Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.
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