Document Detail


Objective assessment of burn scar vascularity, erythema, pliability, thickness, and planimetry.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  15720096     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
BACKGROUND: There is currently a lack of objective methods to assess scars. OBJECTIVES: The objectives of this study were to (1) determine the pattern of scar formation up to 24 months after a burn, compare clinical and photographic scar assessment, and determine what percentage of scars became hypertrophic after a major trauma and (2) replace each clinical parameter of a clinical scar scale by objective measurements. METHODS: Scars from 62 patients were evaluated from the acute phase up to 24 months after the burn, using photographs and clinical assessment during visits. Photographic planimetry helped estimate the percentage of scars that became hypertrophic. Thereafter, 69 patients had scars evaluated using clinical assessment and several instruments to evaluate pigmentation, erythema, pliability, thickness, and perfusion. The sensitivity and specificity of each instrument were determined regarding their ability to correlate with the parameters of hypertrophic and nonhypertrophic scars. Analysis of variance and Tukey's test were used in statistical analysis, with p<.05 indicating significance. RESULTS: Increased scar hypertrophy occurred between 6 and 12 months after the burn, and less than 30% of scars were hypertrophic at 18 to 24 months. Objective assessment of pliability and erythema, but not pigmentation, correlated significantly with clinical evaluation of hypertrophy. Hypertrophic scars had significantly higher perfusion than nonhypertrophic scars. A new scar rating system is proposed, based on the sensitivity and specificity of each instrument, to correlate with hypertrophic and nonhypertrophic scars. CONCLUSIONS: Objective rating systems using reliable instruments can be used to replace subjective scar assessment. Larger multicenter prospective studies should test this new scale in scars due to other mechanisms of injury.
Authors:
Gisele V Oliveira; David Chinkes; Charles Mitchell; Gloria Oliveras; Hal K Hawkins; David N Herndon
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Dermatologic surgery : official publication for American Society for Dermatologic Surgery [et al.]     Volume:  31     ISSN:  1076-0512     ISO Abbreviation:  Dermatol Surg     Publication Date:  2005 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2005-02-21     Completed Date:  2005-03-17     Revised Date:  2007-11-14    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9504371     Medline TA:  Dermatol Surg     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  48-58     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Surgery, Shriners Hospitals for Children and The University of Texas Medical Branch, Galveston, Texas 77550, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adolescent
Analysis of Variance
Burns / complications*
Child
Child, Preschool
Cicatrix, Hypertrophic / etiology,  pathology*
Erythema
Female
Humans
Infant
Laser-Doppler Flowmetry
Male
Pain Measurement
Photography
Pliability
Pruritus
Regional Blood Flow
Skin Pigmentation
Grant Support
ID/Acronym/Agency:
60338//PHS HHS

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