Document Detail

Objective three-dimensional assessment of lip form in patients with repaired cleft lip.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20500076     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
Abstract Objectives: To measure and compare three-dimensional lip form in participants with a repaired cleft lip and noncleft control participants. Design: Retrospective study. Three-dimensional facial images of each participant were obtained. Participants: The sample consisted of two groups: a repaired cleft lip group (n  =  57) and a noncleft "normal" group (n  =  28). Main Outcome Measures: Thirty-four variables that described the features of each participant's lip form were extracted from the image data. A t test was used for each variable to test for significant differences between the groups, and a mathematical technique was used to categorize the lip forms in both groups. Results: Seventeen variables showed significant between-group differences. The differences were focused on the free edges of the upper and lower lip vermilion borders, upper and lower lip protrusion, and lip symmetry. Lip forms were described by seven categories. Participants with cleft lip were represented in all categories but fell mainly into two categories at one extreme. Noncleft participants were represented in five categories but also exclusively in two categories at the other extreme from participants with a repaired cleft lip. The findings show greater variation in lip form for the participants with a cleft lip. Conclusion: Three-dimensional lip form in participants with a repaired cleft lip was found to have greater variation and to be significantly different from that in noncleft participants. This method can be used to assess surgical outcomes of lip form.
Chihiro Tanikawa; Kenji Takada; John van Aalst; Carroll Ann Trotman
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article     Date:  2010-03-12
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Cleft palate-craniofacial journal : official publication of the American Cleft Palate-Craniofacial Association     Volume:  47     ISSN:  1545-1569     ISO Abbreviation:  Cleft Palate Craniofac. J.     Publication Date:  2010 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-11-02     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9102566     Medline TA:  Cleft Palate Craniofac J     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  611-22     Citation Subset:  D; IM    
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Grant Support
R01 DE013814-08/DE/NIDCR NIH HHS

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