Document Detail


Obesogenic environments in youth: concepts and methods from a longitudinal national sample.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22516502     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
To effectively prevent and reduce childhood obesity through healthy community design, it is essential to understand which neighborhood environment features influence weight gain in various age groups. However, most neighborhood environment research is cross-sectional, focuses on adults, and is often carried out in small, nongeneralizable geographic areas. Thus, there is a great need for longitudinal neighborhood environment research in diverse populations across the life cycle. This paper describes (1) insights and challenges of longitudinal neighborhood environment research and (2) advancements and remaining gaps in measurement and study design that examine individuals and neighborhoods within the context of the broader community. Literature-based research and findings from the Obesity and Neighborhood Environment Database (ONEdata), a unique longitudinal GIS that is spatially and temporally linked to data in the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health (N=20,745), provide examples of current limitations in this area of research. Findings suggest a need for longitudinal methodologic advancements to better control for dynamic sources of bias, investigate and capture appropriate temporal frameworks, and address complex residential location processes within families. Development of improved neighborhood environment measures that capture relevant geographic areas within complex communities and investigation of differences across urbanicity and sociodemographic composition are needed. Further longitudinal research is needed to identify, refine, and evaluate national and local policies to most effectively reduce childhood obesity.
Authors:
Janne Boone-Heinonen; Penny Gordon-Larsen
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  American journal of preventive medicine     Volume:  42     ISSN:  1873-2607     ISO Abbreviation:  Am J Prev Med     Publication Date:  2012 May 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-04-20     Completed Date:  2012-08-15     Revised Date:  2014-09-17    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8704773     Medline TA:  Am J Prev Med     Country:  Netherlands    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  e37-46     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2012 American Journal of Preventive Medicine. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adolescent
Crime
Environment*
Exercise
Female
Food
Geographic Information Systems
Health Promotion / methods*
Humans
Longitudinal Studies
Male
Obesity / epidemiology*,  prevention & control*
Research Design
Residence Characteristics / statistics & numerical data*
Social Environment
Socioeconomic Factors
Sociology, Medical
Grant Support
ID/Acronym/Agency:
P01-HD31921/HD/NICHD NIH HHS; P30 ES010126/ES/NIEHS NIH HHS; R01 HD041375/HD/NICHD NIH HHS; R01 HD041375/HD/NICHD NIH HHS; R01 HD041375-04/HD/NICHD NIH HHS; R01 HD057194/HD/NICHD NIH HHS; R01 HD057194/HD/NICHD NIH HHS; R01 HD057194-05/HD/NICHD NIH HHS; R01 HD39183/HD/NICHD NIH HHS; R01 HL104580/HL/NHLBI NIH HHS; R01 HL104580-02/HL/NHLBI NIH HHS; R24 HD050924/HD/NICHD NIH HHS; R36-EH000380/EH/NCEH CDC HHS; T32MH075854-04/MH/NIMH NIH HHS
Comments/Corrections

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