Document Detail

Obesity, sodium intake, and blood pressure in adolescents.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  7399648     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
It has been postulated that increased dietary sodium associated with greater food intake by obese people is a mechanism for the relationship between obesity and blood pressure (BP). We have evaluated this hypothesis by exploring the interrelationships of measures of obesity, sodium intake, and BP in 248 "normal" adolescents, 16 to 17 years of age. As an index of sodium intake, the sodium excretion in three overnight urine collections was used. As a more specific index of saltiness of diet, we used a ratio of sodium excretion to calorie intake, with calories estimated from 3-day diet records and dietary interview. Body weight and other measures of obesity showed a positive relationship with systolic blood pressure (SBP), but not with diastolic (K5) blood pressure (DBP5). Measures of overnight sodium excretion were positively correlated with body weight and calculated body fat percentage, suggesting that heavier people indeed ingest more sodium. This may result not from increased intake of food per se, but from increased saltiness of diet, since calorie intake did not increase with body weight. No significant relationships were found between BP and concurrent measures of sodium excretion or diet saltiness.
R C Ellison; J M Sosenko; G P Harper; L Gibbons; F E Pratter; O S Miettinen
Related Documents :
2757808 - Does sodium intake modify red cell na+ transporters in normal and hypertensive subjects?
1329558 - Vasopressin resistance in potassium depletion: role of na-k pump.
6835908 - Effect of low salt, sodium, and chloride levels in poult rations on growth, bone develo...
17237618 - Long-term prevention of hypertension and end-organ damage in ren-2 transgenic rats is a...
15136068 - Relationship of adiposity to the population distribution of plasma triglyceride concent...
23809328 - Metabolism of c9,t11-conjugated linoleic acid (cla) in humans.
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Hypertension     Volume:  2     ISSN:  0194-911X     ISO Abbreviation:  Hypertension     Publication Date:    1980 Jul-Aug
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1980-10-27     Completed Date:  1980-10-27     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7906255     Medline TA:  Hypertension     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  78-82     Citation Subset:  IM    
Export Citation:
APA/MLA Format     Download EndNote     Download BibTex
MeSH Terms
Blood Pressure / drug effects*
Body Weight
Energy Intake
Epidemiologic Methods
Hypertension / chemically induced,  complications
Obesity / complications*
Skinfold Thickness
Sodium / urine
Sodium Chloride / pharmacology*
Reg. No./Substance:
7440-23-5/Sodium; 7647-14-5/Sodium Chloride

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

Previous Document:  Behavioral response to induced conflict in families with a hypertensive father.
Next Document:  Blood pressure, electrolytes, and body size: their relationships in young relatives of men with esse...