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Obesity-related adjunctive systo-diastolic ventricular dysfunction in patients with hypertension: echocardiographic assessment with tissue Doppler velocity and strain imaging.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21228787     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Very few data exist regarding the effect of obesity on both left and right systo-diastolic ventricular function in hypertensive patients. Therefore, the aim of this study was to determine the existence and extent of an obesity-related adjunctive depressive effect on left- and right-ventricular systo-diastolic dysfunction. This study compared non-obese with obese hypertensive patients and evaluated left- and right-ventricular morphological and functional parameters by means of conventional echocardiography and by two new sensitive echocardiographic techniques: tissue Doppler velocity and strain imaging. We selected 248 hypertensive patients and divided them into four groups according to increasing body mass index (BMI). All patients underwent a clinical history and examination and transthoracic echocardiography, including conventional echocardiographic evaluation and tissue Doppler velocity and strain imaging measurements. Conventional echocardiographic evaluation did not reveal an association between ventricular systo-diastolic dysfunction and increasing BMI. In contrast, tissue Doppler velocity and strain imaging measurements emphasized the negative influence of obesity. For measurements in both the left and right ventricle, myocardial early peak diastolic velocities (E(m)), the ratio of myocardial early-to-late peak diastolic velocity (E(m)/A(m)), myocardial peak systolic velocities (S(m)), and peak strain and strain rate values significantly decreased with increasing BMI (P<0.01 for all parameters measured), even after adjusting for potential confounding variables. In conclusion, by means of new more sensitive echocardiographic techniques, our study clearly demonstrated the negative impact of obesity on both left- and right-ventricular systo-diastolic function, in terms of adjunctive sub-clinical worsening, in hypertensive patients.Hypertension Research advance online publication, 13 January 2011; doi:10.1038/hr.2010.266.
Massimo Leggio; Giancarlo Cruciani; Luca Sgorbini; Andrea Mazza; Maria Grazia Bendini; Marco Pugliese; Francesco Leggio; Anna Patrizia Jesi
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2011-1-13
Journal Detail:
Title:  Hypertension research : official journal of the Japanese Society of Hypertension     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1348-4214     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2011 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-1-13     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9307690     Medline TA:  Hypertens Res     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Cardiovascular Department, Cardiac Rehabilitation Operative Unit (SI), San Filippo Neri Hospital, Rome, Italy.
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