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Obesity in Kolkata children: Magnitude in relationship to hypertension.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22470242     Owner:  NLM     Status:  PubMed-not-MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
BACKGROUND: Limited data is available from India regarding the distribution and profile of childhood obesity and hypertension.
MATERIALS AND METHODS: A population based cross-sectional study was conducted in the urban schools of Kolkata. Using stratified random sampling method, 979 participants were selected. Body mass index (BMI) status and blood pressure (BP) were estimated using standard protocol and their various correlates regarding sociodemographic characteristics were looked into.
RESULTS: Majority (38.92%) of the study population were in the preadolescent group followed by adolescent group (33.40%). Male constituted 52.09%, overweight was more prevalent among preadolescent age group (22.57%). Overall 27 cases of prehypertension were found of which 19 (70.37%, n=27) were in the adolescent age group. There was no significant association between ages with increased BMI status. We detected total 15 cases (1.53%) of hypertension in our study population and three-fourths of them were from adolescent age group. However, significant association was seen between high BP with increasing age. Average fast food intakes and screen time was higher in obese as compared to their normal peers. Upper and upper-middle social status contributed to higher number of obese/overweight and hypertensive children and was the significant risk factor.
CONCLUSION: Childhood obesity and hypertension were found to be common in the city of Kolkata which suggest the need for greater public awareness programs on these morbidities.
Authors:
Partha Chakraborty; Subrata Dey; Ranabir Pal; Sumit Kar; Forhad Akhtar Zaman; Shrayan Pal
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of natural science, biology, and medicine     Volume:  2     ISSN:  2229-7707     ISO Abbreviation:  J Nat Sci Biol Med     Publication Date:  2011 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-04-03     Completed Date:  2012-10-02     Revised Date:  2013-05-29    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101571070     Medline TA:  J Nat Sci Biol Med     Country:  India    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  101-6     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
Aditya Hospital, Kolkata, India.
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