Document Detail

Obesity hypertension in adolescents: epidemiology, evaluation, and management.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21545393     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
The prevalence of hypertension among all adolescents is approximately 3.5%, with somewhat higher rates of prehypertension. Obesity affects approximately 20% of adolescents in the United States, and the prevalence of hypertension is much higher among obese adolescents compared with nonobese adolescents. As in other populations, the evaluation of elevated blood pressure in obese adolescents should begin with a confirmation of the blood pressure elevation, followed by a focused diagnostic work-up to detect possible secondary causes of hypertension. Primary therapy for obesity-related hypertension in adolescents begins with weight loss, and may include antihypertensive medications if target-organ damage or other indications for drug therapy are present. The emphasis of management should be reduction of future cardiovascular risk. J Clin Hypertens (Greenwich). 2011;13:323-331. ©2011 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
Joseph T Flynn; Bonita E Falkner
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article     Date:  2011-03-30
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of clinical hypertension (Greenwich, Conn.)     Volume:  13     ISSN:  1751-7176     ISO Abbreviation:  J Clin Hypertens (Greenwich)     Publication Date:  2011 May 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-05-06     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  100888554     Medline TA:  J Clin Hypertens (Greenwich)     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  323-31     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
© 2011 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
From the Pediatric Hypertension Program, Department of Pediatrics, University of Washington School of Medicine, Seattle Children's Hospital, Seattle, WA;the Department of Medicine and Pediatrics, Thomas Jefferson University, Philadelphia, PA.
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