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Obesity and arterial hypertension in schoolchildren from Santa Cruz do Sul - RS, Brazil.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23250094     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
OBJECTIVE: To verify the prevalence of obesity and hypertension in schoolchildren from Santa Cruz do Sul - RS, Brazil, in 2005 and 2008. METHOD: The study was performed with two consecutive cross-sectional measurements, consisting of a stratified cluster sample, totaling 414 students, aged between 7 and 17 years, of which 215 (51.9%) were males and 199 (48.1%) were females. Obesity was assessed by body mass index (BMI) and percentage of body fat (%BF). Hypertension was measured by blood pressure values, both systolic (SBP) and diastolic (DBP). RESULTS: BMI assessment showed 18.6% and 22.3% of excess weight in males and 22.6% and 14.6% in females (in 2005 and 2008, respectively). Regarding obesity, the prevalence was 4.7% in both years for males and a reduction from 12.6% to 9.0% was observed in females. When analyzing the difference between assessments, there was significance in the BMI classification (p = 0.022) and %BF (p = 0.017) only in females. Statistically significant changes in SBP were found only in males (p < 0.001). CONCLUSION: The levels of excess weight, obesity, and %BF in females, as well as the increased levels of systolic blood pressure in males, demonstrate the need for early intervention through more effective public health campaigns.
Authors:
Eboni Marília Reuter; Cézane Priscila Reuter; Leandro Tibiriçá Burgos; Miriam Beatris Reckziegel; Fúlvio Borges Nedel; Isabella Martins de Albuquerque; Hildegard Hedwig Pohl; Miria Suzana Burgos
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Revista da Associacao Medica Brasileira (1992)     Volume:  58     ISSN:  0104-4230     ISO Abbreviation:  Rev Assoc Med Bras     Publication Date:  2012 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-12-19     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9308586     Medline TA:  Rev Assoc Med Bras     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG; POR     Pagination:  666-672     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
Universidade de Santa Cruz do Sul, Santa Cruz do Sul, RS, Brasil.
Vernacular Title:
Obesidade e hipertensão arterial em escolares de Santa Cruz do Sul - RS, Brasil.
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