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Obesity accelerates ovarian follicle development and follicle loss in rats.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  24135502     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
OBJECTIVE: Studies have shown that excess body fat negatively affects reproductive functions in females. However, whether obesity affects the ovarian follicle development and ovarian lifespan and the underlying mechanism has not been well elucidated. The aim of the present study was to investigate the association between obesity and ovarian follicle development.
METHODS: Adult female Sprague-Dawley rats (n=36) were randomly divided into three groups: the normal control (NC) group, the caloric restriction (CR) group (fed 70% food of the NC group) and the high-fat diet (HF) group. They were maintained on these regimens for 18weeks.
RESULTS: The body weight, ovary weight and visceral fat in the HF group were significantly higher than those in the NC group and the CR group at the end of treatment. Histological analysis showed that the HF rats had significantly less number and percentage of primordial follicles, but greater number and percentage of developing and atretic follicles than the NC rats and CR rats. Western blot analysis demonstrated that the level of mTORC1 and p-S6K1 proteins significantly increased in the ovaries of HF rats, whereas that of SIRT1, SIRT6, FOXO3a and NRF-1 decreased compared to the NC rats. In contrast, the expression of mTORC1 and p-S6K1 dramatically declined, while that of SIRT1, SIRT6, FOXO3a and NRF1 increased in the ovaries of CR rats.
CONCLUSIONS: Our study suggests that the HF diet induced obesity may accelerate the ovarian follicle development and rate of follicle loss through activating mTOR and suppressing SIRT1 signaling, thus leading to POF, and that CR may inhibit the activation of primordial follicles, follicular development and loss, thus extending the ovarian lifespan through suppressing mTOR and activating SIRT1 signaling.
Authors:
Na Wang; Li-Li Luo; Jin-Jie Xu; Ming-Yan Xu; Xing-Mei Zhang; Xiao-Ling Zhou; Wei-Juan Liu; Yu-Cai Fu
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2013-10-14
Journal Detail:
Title:  Metabolism: clinical and experimental     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1532-8600     ISO Abbreviation:  Metab. Clin. Exp.     Publication Date:  2013 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-10-18     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0375267     Medline TA:  Metabolism     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
© 2013.
Affiliation:
Laboratory of Cell Senescence, Shantou University Medical College, Xinling Road 22, Shantou 515041, P.R. China.
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