Document Detail

Obese youths are not more likely to become depressed, but depressed youths are more likely to become obese.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23298458     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
BACKGROUND: Overweight/obesity and depression are both major public health problems among adolescents. However, the question of a link between overweight/obesity and depression remains unresolved in this age group. We examined whether obesity increases risk of depression, or depression increases risk of obesity, or whether there is a reciprocal effect.
METHOD: A two-wave prospective cohort study of adolescents aged 11–17 years at baseline (n=4175) followed up a year later (n=3134) sampled from the Houston metropolitan area. Overweight was defined as 95th percentile >body mass index (BMI) < or = 85th percentile and obese as BMI >95th percentile. Three indicators of depression were examined: any DSM-IV mood disorder, major depression, and symptoms of depression.
RESULTS: Data for the two-wave cohort indicated no evidence of reciprocal effects between weight and depression. Weight status predicted neither major depression nor depressive symptoms. However, mood disorders generally and major depression in particular increased risk of future obesity more than twofold. Depressed males had a sixfold increased risk of obesity. Females with depressive symptoms had a marginally increased risk of being overweight but not obese.
CONCLUSIONS: Our findings, combined with those of recent meta-analyses, suggest that obese youths are not more likely to become depressed but that depressed youths are more likely to become obese.
R E Roberts; H T Duong
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't     Date:  2013-01-09
Journal Detail:
Title:  Psychological medicine     Volume:  43     ISSN:  1469-8978     ISO Abbreviation:  Psychol Med     Publication Date:  2013 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-08-30     Completed Date:  2014-04-22     Revised Date:  2014-10-29    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  1254142     Medline TA:  Psychol Med     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  2143-51     Citation Subset:  IM    
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MeSH Terms
Body Mass Index
Body Weight / physiology*
Depression / complications,  psychology*
Depressive Disorder, Major / complications,  psychology*
Mood Disorders / complications,  psychology*
Obesity / etiology,  psychology*
Odds Ratio
Overweight / etiology,  psychology*
Prospective Studies
Sex Factors
Grant Support
Comment In:
Evid Based Nurs. 2014 Oct;17(4):112   [PMID:  24531102 ]

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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