Document Detail

O(6)-Methylguanine DNA methyltransferase expression in tumor cells predicts outcome of radiotherapy plus concomitant and adjuvant temozolomide therapy in patients with primary glioblastoma.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21331613     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Expression of the O(6)-methylguanine-DNA methyltransferase (MGMT) gene has been shown to correlate with clinical outcomes in patients with glioblastoma multiforme treated with alkylating agents. We evaluated MGMT protein expression in 53 primary glioblastomas by the immunohistochemistry (IHC) and analyzed the correlation between results of immunostaining and patient outcomes. There were 28 MGMT-immunopositive and 25 negative glioblastomas. Patients with MGMT-immunonegative glioblastomas showed significantly longer progression-free survival (PFS) (P = 0.0032), but no statistically significant benefits on overall survival (OS) (P = 0.0825) were shown. In 41 glioblastomas treated with temozolomide (TMZ) therapy (MGMT-immunopositive: n = 22, negative: n = 19), both PFS and OS were significantly better in MGMT-immunonegative glioblastomas. (PFS: P = 0.0015, OS: P = 0.0384). We conclude that MGMT expression on immunohistochemistry (IHC) correlates with outcomes in patients with primary glioblastoma receiving TMZ and suggest the use of MGMT-IHC as a surrogate marker for predicting tumor chemosensitivity.
Reiko Watanabe; Yoko Nakasu; Hiroshi Tashiro; Koichi Mitsuya; Ichiro Ito; Satoshi Nakasu; Takashi Nakajima
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2011-2-18
Journal Detail:
Title:  Brain tumor pathology     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1861-387X     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2011 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-2-18     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9716507     Medline TA:  Brain Tumor Pathol     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Division of Diagnostic Pathology, Shizuoka Cancer Center, 1007 Shimonagakubo, Nagaizumi, Sunto, Shizuoka, 411-8777, Japan,
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