Document Detail


Nutritive value of the foods cultivated and consumed by the tribals of south India.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  7971787     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Twenty five foods cultivated and consumed by the tribals of Andhra Pradesh, India, comprising cereals/millets, legumes, tubers and miscellaneous foods collected seasonally from 20 tribal villages were analysed for proximate composition, vitamins and minerals. The major findings of the study were as follows: Protein content of cereals/millets ranged from 6.8 to 11.8 g per 100 g and that of legumes from 20 to 23.8 g per 100 g. The uncommon legume, judumulu (Vigna sp.) grown by the tribals had the protein content of 22 g per 100 g. A wild legume, Mucuna pruriens, had the highest protein content of 27.9 g per 100 g. Mineral contents of the foods showed greater variations. Two varieties of ragi and horsegram grown in the area had an iron contents of 38 mgs per 100 g. Among the wild tubers analysed, Diascorea hispida and D. bulbifera had about 134 Kcal per 100 g. In vitro starch digestibility (IVSD) analysed in the raw tubers ranged from 8.7 to 11.5 percent and caryota palm pith had IVSD 5.9 percent. Among the miscellaneous foods analysed, rajkeera seed (Amaranthus paniculatus) had protein content of 22 g per 100 g. Amylase inhibitor units of the wild tubers varied from 80 to 400 A/U and that of caryota palm pith was 712 A/U.
Authors:
P Rajyalakshmi; P Geervani
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Plant foods for human nutrition (Dordrecht, Netherlands)     Volume:  46     ISSN:  0921-9668     ISO Abbreviation:  Plant Foods Hum Nutr     Publication Date:  1994 Jul 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1994-12-23     Completed Date:  1994-12-23     Revised Date:  2008-11-21    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8803554     Medline TA:  Plant Foods Hum Nutr     Country:  NETHERLANDS    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  53-61     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Foods and Nutrition, Andhra Pradesh Agricultural University, Rajendranagar, Hyderabad, India.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Calcium / analysis
Dietary Proteins / analysis
Ethnic Groups
Fabaceae / chemistry
Food*
Hot Temperature
Humans
India
Iron / analysis
Minerals / analysis
Nutritive Value*
Plant Roots / chemistry
Plants, Edible / chemistry*
Plants, Medicinal
Starch
Vitamins / analysis
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Dietary Proteins; 0/Minerals; 0/Vitamins; 7439-89-6/Iron; 7440-70-2/Calcium; 9005-25-8/Starch

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