Document Detail

Nutritional value of fresh and composted poultry manure for house fly (Diptera: Muscidae) larvae.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  11681699     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
A sand dilution assay was developed to study how composting affects the nutritional value of stored laying hen manure for larvae of the house fly, Musca domestica L. Equal numbers of eggs were inoculated into graded amounts of stock manure and incubated under standardized moisture conditions. Survival and mass per emerging adult diminished with progressively lower supplies of manure per larva, whether the manure was diluted into clean, white sand or placed on top of an equal volume of sand. Mass of adults per original egg was an increasing linear function of log, manure supply, with extrapolated lower supply threshold, S(L) = 0.06 g per egg. It is proposed that S(L) is a measure of a substrate's nutritional value--the greater the threshold, the lower its value. Dilution of the same stock manure in loam or sandy loam reduced the manure's apparent nutritional value, and dehydration of the stock manure to 20% water before rehydration to 70% also reduced nutritional value. Assays of bulk samples from replicated piles of laying hen manure mixed with sunflower hulls indicated the mixture was nutritionally equivalent to the stock manure, but that 3-4 wk of subsequent aerobic, thermophilic composting reduced it to approximately 10% of its initial value. These results suggest that composting may be a useful technique for reducing the fly breeding potential of laying hen manure and other substrates that must be stored before spreading and incorporation on crop land.
R D Moon; J L Hinton; S D O'Rourke; D R Schmidt
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of economic entomology     Volume:  94     ISSN:  0022-0493     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Econ. Entomol.     Publication Date:  2001 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2001-10-29     Completed Date:  2002-01-03     Revised Date:  2008-11-21    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  2985127R     Medline TA:  J Econ Entomol     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1308-17     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Entomology, University of Minnesota, St. Paul 55108, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Analysis of Variance
Animal Feed*
Houseflies / growth & development*,  metabolism
Nutritional Physiological Phenomena
Nutritive Value

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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