Document Detail

Nutritional support in acute pancreatitis.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22908969     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
Acute pancreatitis can present as a mild or severe disease. Most patients have a mild disease and recover without requiring nutritional support. Patients with severe acute pancreatitis may develop systemic inflammatory response syndrome and progress to multi-organ failure. These ill patients have high metabolism and protein catabolism. Hence, the nutritional management of these patients can be challenging. The aim of nutritional support is to meet the elevated metabolic demands as far as possible without stimulating pancreatic secretion and yet maintaining the gut integrity. The concept of pancreatic rest has evolved over the years. To date, there is a substantial scientific proof that enteral nutrition (EN) in comparison to parenteral nutrition significantly reduces infectious complications, surgical interventions and mortality in predicted severe acute pancreatitis. EN may be able to improve outcome in these patients if given early. In this review, we summarized the current knowledge on nutrition in acute pancreatitis and shared our local experience.
Jeannie Pl Ong; Kwong Ming Fock
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of digestive diseases     Volume:  13     ISSN:  1751-2980     ISO Abbreviation:  J Dig Dis     Publication Date:  2012 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-08-22     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101302699     Medline TA:  J Dig Dis     Country:  Australia    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  445-52     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
© 2012 The Authors. Journal of Digestive Diseases © 2012 Chinese Medical Association Shanghai Branch, Chinese Society of Gastroenterology, Renji Hospital Affiliated to Shanghai Jiaotong University School of Medicine and Wiley Publishing Asia Pty Ltd.
Department of Gastroenterology, Changi General Hospital, Singapore.
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