Document Detail

Nutritional supplement use among university athletes in Singapore.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  19296032     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
INTRODUCTION: Nutritional supplements used by athletes can be classified as sports food, dietary supplements and ergogenic aids. The aim of this study was to examine the use of such supplements among university athletes in Singapore. METHODS: 82 athletes from 16 sport disciplines completed a questionnaire which sought information on demographical parameters, type of supplements, frequency of use, motivations, knowledge, expenditure and side effects. RESULTS: The prevalence of supplement use was 76.8 percent and 20 different products were used. Each individual consumed a mean and standard deviation of 3.18 +/- 1.7 products over a 12-month period. The mean number of products consumed daily was 2.1 +/- 1.2. Popular products included sports drinks, vitamin C, multivitamins and traditional/herbal preparations such as essence of chicken, bird's nest and ginseng. Before using a product, 65.9 percent sought information, usually from the media, the Internet, coaches and fellow athletes. However, many did not know where to obtain reliable information and 86.4 percent were also unaware that supplementation can have adverse effects. CONCLUSION: Although there is a high prevalence of supplement use in our study population, many do not have accurate information about these products. Hence, there is an urgent need to provide athletes with education and access to scientific and unbiased information.
H H Tian; W S Ong; C L Tan
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Singapore medical journal     Volume:  50     ISSN:  0037-5675     ISO Abbreviation:  Singapore Med J     Publication Date:  2009 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2009-03-19     Completed Date:  2009-07-15     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0404516     Medline TA:  Singapore Med J     Country:  Singapore    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  165-72     Citation Subset:  IM    
Division of Sports Medicine, Changi General Hospital, 2, Simei Street 3, Singapore.
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MeSH Terms
Athletic Performance*
Dietary Supplements / utilization*
Health Behavior*
Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice
Nutritional Requirements
Sports / statistics & numerical data
Reg. No./Substance:

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