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Nutritional status of patients undergoing ileal pouch-anal anastomosis.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  16839934     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The nutritional consequences of total colectomy and ileal pouch-anal anastomosis (IPAA) were assessed by evaluating 36 patients at the end of the defunctionalised stage (DS group) and 18 patients with recanalised IPAA (IPAA group). The changes in protein-calorie and zinc status occurring after the closure of the diverting ileostomy were evaluated also in 11 patients assessed both during the DS and the IPAA stage. The results were compared with those observed in 14 patients who underwent a Brooke-type permanent ileostomy (PI group). In the DS group there were protein-calorie malnutrition in 50% of cases characterised by body weight, TSF and AMC values lower than normal associated with normal serum protein levels; severe salt and water depletion with secondary aldosteronism in 90%; normal calcium-phosphorus balance in all but few cases, low values of parameters related to vitamin D and K, Fe, Zn and Cu status in 6-25% of cases and normal folate status. In the IPAA group all the anthropmetric parameters improved significantly after the closure of the protective ileostomy, but muscle mass (AMC) remained lower than normal in 40% of cases; mild salt depletion (urinary Na K ratio between 1 and 2) was observed in 1 3 of cases and of severe degree (urinary Na K < 1 ) in 20%; lower serum Zn occurred in 60% of patients probably due to greater requirements of the metal, secondary to increased muscle protein synthesis; parameters of calcium-phosphorus balance, vitamin D and K, folate, Fe and Cu status, were normal in almost all the cases. In the PI group, protein-calorie and salt and mineral nutritional status were similar to those of the IPAA group, whereas Zn status was normal in all the patients and erythrocytes folate levels and prothrombin time were significantly lower than in the IPAA group. These last two results might be explained by the different characteristics of the small bowel flora occurring in the two types of ileostomy.
Authors:
L Pironi; M Miglioli; E Ruggeri; M A Dallasta; G Poggioli; R Caudarella; S Piazzi; R Miniero; G Gozzetti; L Barbara
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Clinical nutrition (Edinburgh, Scotland)     Volume:  10     ISSN:  0261-5614     ISO Abbreviation:  Clin Nutr     Publication Date:  1991 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2006-07-14     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8309603     Medline TA:  Clin Nutr     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  292-7     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
Istituto di Clinica Medica e Gastroenterologia, Policlinico ‘S. Orsola-Malpighi’, via Massarenti 9, 40138 Bologna, Italy.
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