Document Detail

Nutritional status of Malawian adults on antiretroviral therapy 1 year after supplementary feeding in the first 3 months of therapy.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  19552659     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
OBJECTIVE: To test the hypothesis that individuals on antiretroviral therapy (ART) for 3 months with a greater body mass index (BMI) as a result of supplementary feeding with ready-to-use fortified spread would maintain a higher BMI 9 months after the feeding ended. METHODS: Two cohorts of wasted adults with AIDS, after 12 months of ART and 3 months of supplementary feeding with either ready-to-use fortified spread, an energy dense lipid paste; or corn/soy blended flour, were assessed for clinical and anthropometric status, quality of life, and ART adherence after 3 and 9 months. RESULTS: 336 ART patients participated: 162 who had received ready-to-use fortified spread and 174 who had received corn/soy blended flour. 9 months after stopping food supplements, both groups had a similar BMI, fat-free body mass, hospitalization rate and mortality. Binary logistic regression modelling showed that lower BMI, lower CD4 count, and older age at baseline were associated with a higher risk of death (odds ratio for BMI = 0.63, 95% CI 0.47-0.79). Adherence to the ART regimen and quality of life were similar in both cohorts. CONCLUSION: While supplementary feeding with ready-to-use fortified spread can ameliorate the BMI, an established risk factor for mortality, this effect is sustained only during the time of the intervention. Supplementary feeding of wasted patients for longer than 3 months should be investigated.
Macdonald Ndekha; Joep J G van Oosterhout; Haroon Saloojee; John Pettifor; Mark Manary
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.     Date:  2009-06-22
Journal Detail:
Title:  Tropical medicine & international health : TM & IH     Volume:  14     ISSN:  1365-3156     ISO Abbreviation:  Trop. Med. Int. Health     Publication Date:  2009 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2009-09-03     Completed Date:  2009-09-29     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9610576     Medline TA:  Trop Med Int Health     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1059-63     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Community Health, College of Medicine, University of Malawi, Blantyre, Malawi.
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MeSH Terms
Anti-Retroviral Agents / adverse effects*
Body Mass Index*
Dietary Supplements
Epidemiologic Methods
Food, Fortified*
HIV Wasting Syndrome / diet therapy*,  drug therapy,  mortality
Malawi / epidemiology
Quality of Life
Time Factors
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Anti-Retroviral Agents

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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