Document Detail


Nutritional n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids deficiency alters cannabinoid receptor signaling pathway in the brain and associated anxiety-like behavior in mice.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22707188     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
N-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) cannot be synthesized de novo in mammals and need to be provided by dietary means. In the brain, the main n-3 PUFA is docosahexaenoic acid (DHA), which is a key component of neuronal membranes. A low dietary level of DHA has been associated with increased risk of developing neuropsychiatric diseases; however, the mechanisms involved remain to be determined. In this study, we found that long-term exposure to an n-3 deficient diet decreases the level of DHA in the brain and impairs the cannabinoid receptor signaling pathway in mood-controlling structures. In n-3 deficient mice, the effect of the cannabinoid agonist WIN55,212-2 in an anxiety-like behavior test was abolished. In addition, the cannabinoid receptor signaling pathways were altered in the prefrontal cortex and the hypothalamus. Consequently, our data suggest that behavioral changes linked to an n-3 dietary deficiency are due to an alteration in the endocannabinoid system in specific brain areas.
Authors:
Thomas Larrieu; Charlotte Madore; Corinne Joffre; Sophie Layé
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-6-16
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of physiology and biochemistry     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1877-8755     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2012 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-6-18     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9812509     Medline TA:  J Physiol Biochem     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
Nutrition et Neurobiologie Intégrée, INRA UMR 1286, Bâtiment UFR Pharmacie 2° tranche, 2° étage, Case courrier 34, Université Victor Ségalen, 146 rue Léo Saignat, 33076, Bordeaux Cedex, France.
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