Document Detail


Nutritional and medical status of lactating women and their infants in the Kathmandu valley of Nepal.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  3354497     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
In six villages in the Kathmandu valley of Nepal, an intensive health and nutrition study was conducted on 26 lactating women and their 2--6-month-old infants. Analysis of 24-h duplicate diet composites indicated that the mothers were consuming approximately 2100 kcal energy/d. The diets contained approximately 62 g protein (11.6% of the calories), 392 g carbohydrate (73.3% of the calories), and 20.9 g fat (8.6% of the calories) and a mean of 24 g neutral detergent fiber. Although anthropometric measurements indicated that the mothers had mild protein malnutrition and inadequate energy reserves, their infants exhibited low-normal weight and length for age. All the mothers had hepatitis A antibodies; 92% had tropical eosinophilia, indicating intestinal parasites; 16% had cheilosis and angular stomatitis, indicating a possible B-vitamin deficiency; and 8% had elevated urinary nitrite, indicating urinary tract infection. There were no unusual physical findings on the infants. Although the children appeared healthy, the mothers showed evidence of multiple infections and possible nutrient deficiencies.
In 6 villages in the Kathmandu valley of Nepal, an intensive health and nutrition study was conducted on 26 lactating women and their 2-6-month-old infants. Analysis of 24-hour duplicate diet composites indicated that the mothers were consuming approximately 2100 kcal energy/d. The diets contained approximately 62 g protein (11.6% of the calories), 392 g carbohydrate (73.3% of the calories), and 20.9% g fat (8.6% of the calories) and a mean of 24 g neutral detergent fiber. Although anthropometric measurements indicated that the mothers had mild protein malnutrition and inadequate energy reserves, their infants exhibited low-normal weight and length for age. All the mothers had hepatitis A antibodies; 92% had tropical eosinophilia, indicating intestinal parasites; 16% had cheilosis and angular stomatitis, indicating a possible B-vitamin deficiency; and 8% had elevated urinary nitrite, indicating urinary tract infection. There were no unusual physical findings on the infants. Although the children appeared healthy, the mohters showed evidence of multiple infections and possible nutrient deficiencies.
Authors:
R D Reynolds; P B Moser; S Acharya; W McConnell; M B Andon; M P Howard
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The American journal of clinical nutrition     Volume:  47     ISSN:  0002-9165     ISO Abbreviation:  Am. J. Clin. Nutr.     Publication Date:  1988 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1988-05-12     Completed Date:  1988-05-12     Revised Date:  2004-11-17    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0376027     Medline TA:  Am J Clin Nutr     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  722-8     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM; J    
Affiliation:
US Department of Agriculture, Beltsville Human Nutrition Research Center, MD 20705.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adolescent
Adult
Anthropometry
Energy Intake
Female
Health*
Health Status*
Humans
India
Infant
Lactation*
Middle Aged
Nutritional Status*
Pregnancy
Socioeconomic Factors

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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