Document Detail

Nutritional knowledge and eating behaviors of female, collegiate swimmers.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21509109     Owner:  NLM     Status:  PubMed-not-MEDLINE    
BACKGROUND: Female athletes often have inadequate diets due to lack of nutritional knowledge and nutritional misconceptions. Poor nutrition may lead to an increased chance of developing the Female Athlete Triad, a trio of low energy availability, menstrual dysfunction, and low bone mass. Physical therapists, as part of a healthcare team, must be prepared to address nutritional issues, recognize signs and symptoms of the female athlete triad, and make the appropriate intervention or referral.
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to determine the nutritional knowledge of female collegiate swimmers and how effectively they apply their nutritional knowledge to their everyday eating habits.
METHODS: Eighty-five female collegiate swimmers from six Michigan universities completed a nutritional knowledge questionnaire and a 24-hour food recall survey. Demographic, nutritional, and statistical data were analyzed.
RESULTS: The mean score on nutritional knowledge test was 54.53/76 (71.75% correct). Mean total caloric intake of swimmers was 3229.10 calories per day. Ninety-five point nine percent did not meet the recommended dietary allowance (RDA) for all three macronutrients. No difference in total mean survey score existed between the three collegiate divisions.
CONCLUSION: This study suggests that athletes lack knowledge of nutrition, healthy food choices, components of a well-balanced diet, and the implications of nutrition on performance.
Barbara J Hoogenboom; Jennifer Morris; Chad Morris; Katharine Schaefer
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  North American journal of sports physical therapy : NAJSPT     Volume:  4     ISSN:  1558-6170     ISO Abbreviation:  N Am J Sports Phys Ther     Publication Date:  2009 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-04-21     Completed Date:  2011-07-14     Revised Date:  2011-07-28    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101318564     Medline TA:  N Am J Sports Phys Ther     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  139-48     Citation Subset:  -    
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