Document Detail


Nutritional interventions to prevent and treat osteoarthritis. Part I: focus on Fatty acids and macronutrients.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22632694     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Osteoarthritis (OA) is the most common cause of musculoskeletal disability in elderly individuals, and it places an enormous economic burden on society. Management of OA is primarily focused on palliative relief by using agents such as nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs and analgesics. However, such an approach is limited by a narrow therapeutic focus that fails to address the progressive and multimodal nature of OA. Given the favorable safety profile of most nutritional interventions, identifying disease-modifying nutritional agents capable of improving symptoms and also preventing, slowing, or even reversing the degenerative process in OA should remain an important paradigm in translational and clinical research. Applying advances in nutritional science to musculoskeletal medicine remains challenging, given the fluid and dynamic nature of the field, along with a rapidly developing regulatory climate over manufacturing and commerce requirements. The aim of this article is to review the available literature on effectiveness and potential mechanism of macronutrients for OA, with a focus on the following: long-chain ω-3 essential fatty acids eicosapentaenoic acid and docosahexaenoic acid, functional ω-6 fatty acid γ-linolenic acid, and macronutrient composition of background diet. There also is a discussion about the concept of rational polysupplementation via the strategic integration of multiple nutraceuticals with potential complementary mechanisms for improving outcomes in OA. As applied nutritional science evolves, it will be important to stay on the forefront of proteomics, metabolomics, epigenetics, and nutrigenomics, because they hold enormous potential for developing novel therapeutic and prognostic breakthroughs in many areas of medicine, including OA.
Authors:
Hector L Lopez
Related Documents :
24636854 - Urinary intestinal fatty acid binding protein predicts necrotizing enterocolitis.
3896074 - Factors influencing enhanced salmonella typhimurium infection in eimeria tenella-infect...
11329684 - Anaerobic codigestion of municipal solid waste and biosolids under various mixing condi...
22705974 - Protodecarboxylation of benzoic acids under radical conditions.
3346344 - Analysis by high-performance gel permeation chromatography of hyaluronic acid in animal...
9160194 - Helicobacter pylori and acid secretion: where are we now?
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  PM & R : the journal of injury, function, and rehabilitation     Volume:  4     ISSN:  1934-1563     ISO Abbreviation:  PM R     Publication Date:  2012 May 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-05-28     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101491319     Medline TA:  PM R     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  S145-54     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2012 American Academy of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Affiliation:
The Center for Applied Health Sciences, LLC, 4302 Allen Road, Ste. 120, Stow, OH(⁎).
Export Citation:
APA/MLA Format     Download EndNote     Download BibTex
MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


Previous Document:  Neuromuscular prehabilitation to prevent osteoarthritis after a traumatic joint injury.
Next Document:  Nutritional Interventions to Prevent and Treat Osteoarthritis. Part II: Focus on Micronutrients and ...