Document Detail

Nutritional intake and dietary patterns in pregnancy: a longitudinal study of women with lifetime eating disorders.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22784642     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
There is limited knowledge about dietary patterns and nutrient/food intake during pregnancy in women with lifetime eating disorders (ED). The objective of the present study was to determine patterns of food and nutrient intake in women with lifetime ED as part of an existing longitudinal population-based cohort: the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children. Women with singleton pregnancies and no lifetime psychiatric disorders other than ED (n 9723) were compared with women who reported lifetime (ever) ED: (anorexia nervosa (AN, n 151), bulimia nervosa (BN, n 186) or both (AN+BN, n 77)). Women reported usual food consumption using a FFQ at 32 weeks of gestation. Nutrient intakes, frequency of consumption of food groups and overall dietary patterns were examined. Women with lifetime ED were compared with control women using linear regression and logistic regression (as appropriate) after adjustment for relevant covariates, and for multiple comparisons. Women with lifetime ED scored higher on the 'vegetarian' dietary pattern; they had a lower intake of meat, which was compensated by a higher consumption of soya products and pulses compared with the controls. Lifetime AN increased the risk for a high ( ≥ 2500 g/week) caffeine consumption in pregnancy. No deficiencies in mineral and vitamin intake were evident across the groups, although small differences were observed in macronutrient intakes. In conclusion, despite some differences in food group consumption, women with lifetime ED had similar patterns of nutrient intake to healthy controls. Important differences in relation to meat eating and vegetarianism were highlighted, as well as high caffeine consumption. These differences might have an important impact on fetal development.
Nadia Micali; Kate Northstone; Pauline Emmett; Ulrike Naumann; Janet L Treasure
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't     Date:  2012-07-12
Journal Detail:
Title:  The British journal of nutrition     Volume:  108     ISSN:  1475-2662     ISO Abbreviation:  Br. J. Nutr.     Publication Date:  2012 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-12-18     Completed Date:  2013-03-20     Revised Date:  2014-03-19    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0372547     Medline TA:  Br J Nutr     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  2093-9     Citation Subset:  IM    
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MeSH Terms
Anorexia Nervosa / diet therapy,  physiopathology
Bulimia Nervosa / diet therapy,  physiopathology
Caffeine / administration & dosage
Cohort Studies
Diet* / adverse effects
Diet, Vegetarian / adverse effects
Dietary Fats / administration & dosage*
Dietary Sucrose / administration & dosage*
Eating Disorders / diet therapy,  physiopathology*
Energy Intake*
Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice
Longitudinal Studies
Pregnancy Complications / diet therapy,  physiopathology*
Pregnancy Trimester, Third
Prospective Studies
Severity of Illness Index
Young Adult
Grant Support
092731//Wellcome Trust; CS/08/08/14//Department of Health; G9815508//Medical Research Council; //Department of Health; //Medical Research Council; //Wellcome Trust
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Dietary Fats; 0/Dietary Sucrose; 3G6A5W338E/Caffeine

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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