Document Detail

Nutritional and food protection against epidemic emerging neuropathy. Epidemiological findings in the unique disease-free urban area of Cuba.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  11725692     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
A survey was conducted through the SECUBA (SEguridad alimentaria en CUba y Buena Alimentación) research program in Cuban healthy smokers living in Guantánamo and in Havana. The aim of the survey was to investigate biological and nutritional factors connected with the occurrence of zero epidemic neuropathy (EN) observed in Guantánamo urban area since the disease emerged in Cuba. Blood riboflavin status and carotenoid and selenium concentrations were higher in Guantánamo than in Havana smokers. Food dietary quantities of plantain banana, pepper (Capsicum spp.), bovine meat and milk products were higher in Guantánamo. Inversely, foods rich in cholesterol, especially eggs, were more consumed in Havana. Through riboflavin, carotenoid and selenium contents and specific antioxidants substances (indoleamines, capsaicin), the foods more consumed in Guantánamo could be considered as EN protective factors. Disease protective effects could be exerted via enhancement of defence mechanisms against free radical damage and related mechanisms focused on redox recycling of glutathione and local protection from carotenoids. Finally, the results of the present study should help Cuba, through a better EN control, to improve long-term food safety and define healthier dietary habits.
J Barnouin; T Verdura Barrios; M Chassagne; R Pérez Cristiá; J Arnaud; P Fleites Mestre; M E Montoya; A Favier
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  International journal for vitamin and nutrition research. Internationale Zeitschrift für Vitamin- und Ernährungsforschung. Journal international de vitaminologie et de nutrition     Volume:  71     ISSN:  0300-9831     ISO Abbreviation:  Int J Vitam Nutr Res     Publication Date:  2001 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2001-11-29     Completed Date:  2002-05-22     Revised Date:  2007-02-21    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  1273304     Medline TA:  Int J Vitam Nutr Res     Country:  Switzerland    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  274-85     Citation Subset:  IM    
INRA, Unité EPI-A, Centre de Recherches de Clermont Ferrand-Theix-Lyon, 63122 Saint Genès Champanelle, France.
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MeSH Terms
Cuba / epidemiology
Disease Outbreaks / prevention & control*
Food Habits / physiology*
Middle Aged
Nutritional Status / physiology*
Optic Nerve Diseases / epidemiology*,  prevention & control*
Peripheral Nervous System Diseases / epidemiology*,  prevention & control*
Prospective Studies
Reference Values
Smoking / adverse effects
Urban Health*

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