Document Detail


Nutritional classification and analysis of food carbohydrates.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  8116549     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Dietary guidelines for Western countries encourage a considerable increase in carbohydrate intake. Because of new developments regarding nutritional properties of various food carbohydrates, these guidelines should include more precise recommendations of the carbohydrate composition. Small-intestinal digestibility is, nutritionally, the most important property of food carbohydrates. This was recognized early by British scientists, who differentiated between "available" and "unavailable" carbohydrates. Dietary fiber is generally defined as undigestible polysaccharides and lignin. Resistant starch is a newly discovered undigestible component included in such fiber definition, although current analysis methods do not recover all forms of resistant starch. The term "complex carbohydrates" has been used to mean digestible polysaccharides, ie, starch, in the United States, and to mean all polysaccharides, ie, both starch and nonstarch polysaccharides, in Europe. The term's usefulness is questionable because chain length of digestible carbohydrates is not related to specific nutritional advantages.
Authors:
N G Asp
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The American journal of clinical nutrition     Volume:  59     ISSN:  0002-9165     ISO Abbreviation:  Am. J. Clin. Nutr.     Publication Date:  1994 Mar 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1994-03-30     Completed Date:  1994-03-30     Revised Date:  2004-11-17    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0376027     Medline TA:  Am J Clin Nutr     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  679S-681S     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Applied Nutrition and Food Chemistry, Lund University, Sweden.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Dietary Carbohydrates / classification*,  metabolism*
Humans
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Dietary Carbohydrates

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