Document Detail

Nutritional assessment of charitable meal programmes serving homeless people in Toronto.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  18547445     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
OBJECTIVES: To assess the potential nutritional contribution of meals provided in a sample of community programmes for homeless individuals, to determine the effect of food donations on meal quality and to develop food-based guidance for meals that would meet adults' total nutrient needs. SETTING: Toronto, Canada. DESIGN: An analysis of weighed meal records from eighteen programmes. The energy and nutrient contents of meals were compared to requirement estimates to assess contribution to total needs, given that homeless people have limited access to nutritious foods. Mixed linear modelling was applied to determine the relationship between the use of food donations and meal quality. The composition of meals that would meet adults' nutrient requirements was determined by constructing simulated meals, drawing on the selection of foods available to programmes. SAMPLE: In all, seventy meals, sampled from eighteen programmes serving homeless individuals. RESULTS: On average, the meals contained 2.6 servings of grain products, 1.7 servings of meat and alternatives, 4.1 servings of vegetables and fruits and 0.4 servings of milk products. The energy and nutrient contents of most meals were below adults' average daily requirements. Most meals included both purchased and donated foods; the vitamin C content of meals was positively associated with the percentage of energy from donations. Increasing portion sizes improved the nutrient contribution of meals, but the provision of more milk products and fruits and vegetables was required to meet adults' nutrient requirements. CONCLUSIONS: The meals assessed were inadequate to meet adults' nutrient requirements. Improving the nutritional quality of meals requires additional resources.
Carmen Tse; Valerie Tarasuk
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't     Date:  2008-06-12
Journal Detail:
Title:  Public health nutrition     Volume:  11     ISSN:  1368-9800     ISO Abbreviation:  Public Health Nutr     Publication Date:  2008 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2008-11-13     Completed Date:  2009-02-02     Revised Date:  2010-03-23    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9808463     Medline TA:  Public Health Nutr     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1296-305     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Nutritional Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, University of Toronto, Toronto, ON, Canada M5S 3E2.
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MeSH Terms
Dairy Products
Energy Intake / physiology
Food / standards*
Food Analysis
Food Services / standards*
Homeless Persons*
Middle Aged
Nutrition Assessment*
Nutrition Policy
Nutritional Requirements*
Nutritive Value

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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