Document Detail

Nutritional status of children after a food-supplementation program integrated with routine health care through mobile clinics in migrant communities in the Dominican Republic.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20810820     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
The objective of this study was to compare acute and chronic undernutrition rates before and after the introduction of a food-supplementation program as an adjunct to routine health care for children of migrant workers in the Dominican Republic. The cross-sectional study was conducted in five rural communities in the Dominican Republic. Children 18 years and younger were eligible if they received routine health care from local mobile clinics. Data were obtained before (2005) and after (2006) initiation of a food-supplementation program. chi(2) or Fisher exact tests were used for analysis. Among 175 children in 2005, 52% were female, and 59% were < 5 years of age (mean age = 5.3 years). Among 148 children in 2006, 48% were female, and 57% were < 5 years of age (mean age = 5.6 years). Acute undernutrition rates decreased from 40% to 23% (P = 0.001) after initiation of the food-supplementation program. Rates of chronic undernutrition decreased from 33% to 18% after the initiation of the food-supplementation program (P = 0.003). Food supplementation in the context of routine health-care visits improved the nutritional status of children, and it warrants further exploration as a way to reduce childhood undernutrition in resource-scarce areas.
Kavita Parikh; Gabriela Marein-Efron; Shirley Huang; Geraldine O'Hare; Rodney Finalle; Samir S Shah
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The American journal of tropical medicine and hygiene     Volume:  83     ISSN:  1476-1645     ISO Abbreviation:  Am. J. Trop. Med. Hyg.     Publication Date:  2010 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-09-02     Completed Date:  2010-09-27     Revised Date:  2013-05-28    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0370507     Medline TA:  Am J Trop Med Hyg     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  559-64     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
Pediatric Hospitalist Division, Children's National Medical Center, Washington, DC, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Child, Preschool
Community-Institutional Relations
Cross-Sectional Studies
Dominican Republic
Food Supply*
Malnutrition / prevention & control*
Mobile Health Units*
Nutritional Status*
Rural Health Services / organization & administration*
Transients and Migrants*

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