Document Detail


Nutrition transition in a middle-income country: 22-year trends in the Seychelles.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23249880     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: There is little objective information regarding nutrition transition in African countries. We assessed trends in nutrition patterns in the Seychelles between 1989 and 2011.
SUBJECTS/METHODS: Population-based samples were obtained in 1989, 1994 and 2011 and participants aged 25-44 are considered in this study (n=493, 599 and 471, respectively). Similar, although not identical, food frequency questionnaires (FFQs) were used in each survey and the variables were collapsed into homogenous categories for the purpose of this study.
RESULTS: Between 1989 and 2011, consumption frequency of fish (5+/week) decreased from 93 to 74%, whereas the following increased: meat (5+/week) 25 to 51%, fruits (1+/week) 48 to 94%, salty snacks (1+/week) 22 to 64% and sweet snacks (1+/week) 38 to 67% (P<0.001 for all). Consumption frequency decreased for home-brewed alcoholic drinks (1+/week) 16 to 1%, but increased for wine (1+/week) 5 to 33% (both P<0.001). Between 2004 and 2011, consumption frequency decreased for rice (2/day) 62 to 57% and tea (1+/day) 72 to 68%, increased for poultry (1+/week) 86 to 96% (all P<0.01), and did not change for vegetables (70.3 to 69.8%, P=0.65).
CONCLUSIONS: Seychelles is experiencing nutrition transition characterized by a decreased consumption frequency of traditional staple foods (fish, polished rice), beverages (tea) and of inexpensive home brews, and increased consumption frequency of meat, poultry and snacks. Food patterns also became more varied along with a broader availability of products in the 22-year interval. The health impact of these changes should be further studied.
Authors:
I Cardoso; P Bovet; B Viswanathan; A Luke; P Marques-Vidal
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't     Date:  2012-12-19
Journal Detail:
Title:  European journal of clinical nutrition     Volume:  67     ISSN:  1476-5640     ISO Abbreviation:  Eur J Clin Nutr     Publication Date:  2013 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-02-06     Completed Date:  2013-07-25     Revised Date:  2013-10-17    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8804070     Medline TA:  Eur J Clin Nutr     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  135-40     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Institute of Preventive Medicine, Lisbon, Portugal.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adult
Africa
Beverages
Developing Countries*
Diet / trends*
Diet Surveys
Female
Food Habits*
Food Supply
Humans
Income
Male
Seychelles
Grant Support
ID/Acronym/Agency:
1R01DK80763/DK/NIDDK NIH HHS; R01 DK080763/DK/NIDDK NIH HHS
Comments/Corrections

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