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Nutrition status of junior elite canadian female soccer athletes.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22089309     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
CONTEXT: Adolescent female team-sport athletes are faced with the challenge of meeting nutrition requirements for growth and development, as well as sport performance. There is a paucity of evidence describing the dietary adequacy of this population in respect to these physiological demands. Therefore, the aim of this study was to comprehensively evaluate the nutrition status of junior elite female soccer athletes.
METHOD: A total of 33 athletes (15.7 ± 0.7 yr) completed anthropometric assessment, 4-day food records analyzed for macro- and micronutrient intake, and hematological analysis. Energy expenditure was estimated using predictive equations.
RESULTS: Mean sum of 7 skinfolds was 103.1 ± 35.2 mm, and body-mass index was 22.7 ± 2.7. Mean energy intake was 2,079 ± 460 kcal/day, and estimated energy expenditure was 2,546 ± 190 kcal/day. Of the athletes, 51.5% consumed <5g/kg carbohydrate, 27.3% consumed <1.2g/kg protein, and 21.2% consumed <25% of energy intake from fat. A large proportion of athletes did not meet Dietary Reference Intakes for pantothenic acid (54.5%), vitamin D (100%), folate (69.7%), vitamin E (100%), and calcium (66.7%). Compared with recommendations for athletes, 89.3% and 50.0% of participants had depleted iron and 25-hydroxyvitamin D, respectively.
CONCLUSION: A high proportion of players were not in energy balance, failed to meet carbohydrate and micronutrient recommendations, and presented with depleted iron and vitamin D status. Suboptimal nutrition status may affect soccer performance and physiological growth and development. More research is needed to understand the unique nutrition needs of this population and inform sport nutrition practice and research.
Jennifer C Gibson; Lynneth Stuart-Hill; Steven Martin; Catherine Gaul
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  International journal of sport nutrition and exercise metabolism     Volume:  21     ISSN:  1543-2742     ISO Abbreviation:  Int J Sport Nutr Exerc Metab     Publication Date:  2011 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-11-17     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  100939812     Medline TA:  Int J Sport Nutr Exerc Metab     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  507-14     Citation Subset:  IM    
School of Exercise Science, Physical and Health Education, University of Victoria, Victoria, British Columbia, Canada.
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