Document Detail


Nutrition and the risk of stroke.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22172622     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Poor nutrition in the first year of a mother's life and undernutrition in utero, infancy, childhood, and adulthood predispose individuals to stroke in later life, but the mechanism of increased stroke risk is unclear. Overnutrition also increases the risk of stroke, probably by accelerating the development of obesity, hypertension, hyperlipidaemia, and diabetes. Reliable evidence suggests that dietary supplementation with antioxidant vitamins, B vitamins, and calcium does not reduce the risk of stroke. Less reliable evidence suggests that stroke can be prevented by diets that are prudent, aligned to the Mediterranean or DASH (Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension) diets, low in salt and added sugars, high in potassium, and meet, but do not exceed, energy requirements. Trials in progress are examining the effects of vitamin D and marine omega-3 fatty acid supplementation on incidence of stroke. Future challenges include the need to improve the quality of evidence linking many nutrients, foods, and dietary patterns to the risk of stroke.
Authors:
Graeme J Hankey
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Review    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Lancet. Neurology     Volume:  11     ISSN:  1474-4465     ISO Abbreviation:  Lancet Neurol     Publication Date:  2012 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-12-16     Completed Date:  2012-02-09     Revised Date:  2014-08-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101139309     Medline TA:  Lancet Neurol     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  66-81     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2012 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Export Citation:
APA/MLA Format     Download EndNote     Download BibTex
MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Humans
Malnutrition / complications*
Nutritional Status*
Risk Factors
Stroke / etiology*
Comments/Corrections
Erratum In:
Lancet Neurol. 2012 Feb;11(2):125

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


Previous Document:  Frontal joint dynamics when initiating stair ascent from a walk versus a stand.
Next Document:  Stroke risk in women: the role of menopause and hormone therapy.