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Nutrition-related habits and associated factors of Brazilian adolescents.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20703509     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Process    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the nutrition-related habits (NRH) of Brazilian adolescents and evaluate the associations with risk factors.
METHODS: Cross-sectional school-based was carried out among high school adolescents aged 14-18 years (n = 1,759) from public and private schools from two cities. The NRH were investigated by the weekly consumption of vegetables, fruit, sweet food and fried food. Risk factors investigated were: city, sex, age, socioeconomic status and nutritional status. In statistics, Poisson regression was used with robust variance adjustment.
RESULTS: Data indicated low consumption of fruits and vegetables, 70.0 and 71.0%, respectively, and high consumption of sweets and fried food, 66.7 and 63%, respectively. Boys showed risk of inadequate intake of vegetables [prevalence ratios (PR) 1.10, 95% CI 1.01-1.16] and fruit (PR 1.09, 95% CI 1.01-1.16). Furthermore, adolescents who live in Maringá had greater likelihood of consuming vegetables and fruit (20 and 25%, respectively). However, they presented risk of inadequate consumption of sweets (PR 1.19, 95% CI 1.11-1.28) for adolescents who live in Presidente Prudente.
CONCLUSION: We concluded that inadequate NRH show high prevalence among adolescents and indicate the need to employ educational strategies that promote the adoption of more healthy habits and behaviors.
Authors:
Augusto César Ferreira de Moraes; Rômulo Araújo Fernandes; Diego Giulliano Destro Christofaro; Arli Ramos de Oliveira; Alika Terumi Arasaki Nakashima; Felipe Fossati Reichert; Mário Cícero Falcão
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article     Date:  2010-08-12
Journal Detail:
Title:  International journal of public health     Volume:  55     ISSN:  1661-8564     ISO Abbreviation:  Int J Public Health     Publication Date:  2010 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-11-26     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101304551     Medline TA:  Int J Public Health     Country:  Switzerland    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  661-7     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Post-Graduate Program in Science, Children Institute, School of Medicine, University of São Paulo, Rua: Abadia dos Dourados, n° 307-7, Butantã, São Paulo, SP, Brazil. moraes82@yahoo.com.br
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