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Nutrition-related habits and associated factors of Brazilian adolescents.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20703509     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Process    
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the nutrition-related habits (NRH) of Brazilian adolescents and evaluate the associations with risk factors.
METHODS: Cross-sectional school-based was carried out among high school adolescents aged 14-18 years (n = 1,759) from public and private schools from two cities. The NRH were investigated by the weekly consumption of vegetables, fruit, sweet food and fried food. Risk factors investigated were: city, sex, age, socioeconomic status and nutritional status. In statistics, Poisson regression was used with robust variance adjustment.
RESULTS: Data indicated low consumption of fruits and vegetables, 70.0 and 71.0%, respectively, and high consumption of sweets and fried food, 66.7 and 63%, respectively. Boys showed risk of inadequate intake of vegetables [prevalence ratios (PR) 1.10, 95% CI 1.01-1.16] and fruit (PR 1.09, 95% CI 1.01-1.16). Furthermore, adolescents who live in Maringá had greater likelihood of consuming vegetables and fruit (20 and 25%, respectively). However, they presented risk of inadequate consumption of sweets (PR 1.19, 95% CI 1.11-1.28) for adolescents who live in Presidente Prudente.
CONCLUSION: We concluded that inadequate NRH show high prevalence among adolescents and indicate the need to employ educational strategies that promote the adoption of more healthy habits and behaviors.
Augusto César Ferreira de Moraes; Rômulo Araújo Fernandes; Diego Giulliano Destro Christofaro; Arli Ramos de Oliveira; Alika Terumi Arasaki Nakashima; Felipe Fossati Reichert; Mário Cícero Falcão
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article     Date:  2010-08-12
Journal Detail:
Title:  International journal of public health     Volume:  55     ISSN:  1661-8564     ISO Abbreviation:  Int J Public Health     Publication Date:  2010 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-11-26     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101304551     Medline TA:  Int J Public Health     Country:  Switzerland    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  661-7     Citation Subset:  IM    
Post-Graduate Program in Science, Children Institute, School of Medicine, University of São Paulo, Rua: Abadia dos Dourados, n° 307-7, Butantã, São Paulo, SP, Brazil.
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