Document Detail


Nutrition issues in Codex: health claims, nutrient reference values and WTO agreements: a conference report.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22350923     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
BACKGROUND: Codex documents may be used as educational and consensus materials for member governments. Also, the WTO SPS Agreement recognizes Codex as the presumptive international authority on food issues. Nutrient bioavailability is a critical factor in determining the ability of nutrients to provide beneficial effects. Bioavailability also influences the quantitative dietary requirements that are the basis of nutrient intake recommendations and NRVs.
HEALTH CLAIMS: Codex, EFSA and some national regulatory authorities have established guidelines or regulations that will permit several types of health claims. The scientific basis for claims has been established by the US FDA and EFSA, but not yet by Codex. Evidence-based nutrition differs from evidence-based medicine, but the differences are only recently gaining recognition. Health claims on foods may provide useful information to consumers, but many will interpret the information to mean that they can rely upon the food or nutrient to eliminate a disease risk.
NUTRIENT REFERENCE VALUES: NRVs are designed to provide a quantitative basis for comparing the nutritive values of foods, helping to illustrate how specific foods fit into the overall diet. The INL-98 and the mean of adult male and female values provide NRVs that are sufficient when used as targets for individual intakes by most adults.
WORLD TRADE ORGANIZATION AGREEMENTS: WTO recognizes Codex as the primary international authority on food issues. Current regulatory schemes based on recommended dietary allowances are trade restrictive. A substantial number of decisions by the EFSA could lead to violation of WTO agreements.
Authors:
Peter J Aggett; John Hathcock; David Jukes; David P Richardson; Philip C Calder; Heike Bischoff-Ferrari; Theresa Nicklas; Stefan Mühlebach; Oran Kwon; Janine Lewis; Maurits J F Lugard; Peter Prock
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Congresses    
Journal Detail:
Title:  European journal of nutrition     Volume:  51 Suppl 1     ISSN:  1436-6215     ISO Abbreviation:  Eur J Nutr     Publication Date:  2012 Mar 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-04-05     Completed Date:  2012-08-06     Revised Date:  2013-07-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  100888704     Medline TA:  Eur J Nutr     Country:  Germany    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  S1-7     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
University of Lancaster, Lancaster, Lancashire, UK.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adult
Aged
Child
Dietary Supplements / standards
Female
Food Labeling* / standards
Food Safety*
Health Promotion
Humans
International Agencies*
Legislation, Food
Male
Nutrition Policy
Nutritional Requirements
Nutritional Sciences* / education
Nutritive Value
Reference Books*
Reference Values
Comments/Corrections

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