Document Detail


Nutrition in the Republic of Korea.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  11242469     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Until the 1970s, the Korean economy was dominantly agriculture, but nowadays, less than 10 % of the population lives in a rural area, and it is expected that within a generation the proportion of the population engaged in agriculture will be less than 5 %. The living standard is rising as the national economy benefits from the increased sale of industrial products. The dietary patterns are being changed. The diet has changed from one based predominantly on starch based food such as cereals or roots and vegetables to one in which animal products take great prominence with consequent increases in animal fat and protein. The move from simple unrefined foods to more refined and complex manufactured foods has become commonplace. As a result, the general nutritional situation has been improved. Such improvement, however, has brought about an increase in overnutrition in more affluent sections of the population, whereas dietary inadequacy among the lower socio-economic groups and vulnerable classes still persists. Overall, Korea suffers from both undernutrition and overnutrition. The national school feeding program started in 1953 after the Korean War with the support of UNICEF, CARE, and USAID as a relief food program and is now expanding successfully to a self-supporting nationwide scale. The applied nutrition project in rural areas introduced in 1967 with the support of UNICEF, FAO, WHO, and the Korean government continues successfully to the present day. A national dietary survey has been carried out once a year since 1969, and once every 3 years from 1998. Korean recommended dietary allowances were established in 1962 and have been revised every 5 years. The government intends to establish national dietary guidelines for health promotion and prevention of chronic degenerative diseases. Nutrition education and research are also very important national undertakings.
Authors:
J S Ju
Related Documents :
17787469 - Ecology and acculturation among native peoples of central brazil.
20549429 - Impacts of population growth and economic development on the nitrogen cycle in asia.
19400729 - Genetically engineered plants and foods: a scientist's analysis of the issues (part ii).
19965339 - Water and its role in food and health security--the importance of water to food product...
17542109 - Quantifiable impact on poverty in trinidad and tobago of the uruguay round agreement on...
20535379 - Cultural perspectives and current consumption changes of cooked rice in korean diet.
1219109 - The preparation, mincing and canning of bovine offal (ruminal and intestinal wall) for ...
17665189 - Understanding nonaflatoxigenicity of aspergillus sojae: a windfall of aflatoxin biosynt...
20692259 - Appetite regulation: the central role of melatonin in danio rerio.
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The British journal of nutrition     Volume:  84 Suppl 2     ISSN:  0007-1145     ISO Abbreviation:  Br. J. Nutr.     Publication Date:  2000 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2001-03-12     Completed Date:  2001-03-22     Revised Date:  2008-11-21    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0372547     Medline TA:  Br J Nutr     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  S195-8     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Korea University, Department of Nutrition and Biochemistry, Medical School, Seoul.
Export Citation:
APA/MLA Format     Download EndNote     Download BibTex
MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adolescent
Adult
Aged
Cereals
Child
Child, Preschool
Energy Intake
Female
Health Policy
Humans
Infant
Infant, Newborn
Korea
Male
Meat
Middle Aged
Nutrition Policy*
Nutritional Physiological Phenomena*
Oryza sativa
Pregnancy
Vegetables

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


Previous Document:  Diabetes mellitus and life-style--for the primary prevention of diabetes mellitus: the role of diet.
Next Document:  Epidemiological and nutritional research on prevention of cardiovascular disease in China.