Document Detail

Nutrition and health education intervention for whole grain foods in the Georgia older Americans nutrition programs.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  15911525     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
This study examined the effects of a nutrition education intervention on improving the intake and behaviors related to whole grain foods in congregate meal recipients in senior centers in north Georgia. Participants were a convenience sample and completed a pretest, an educational intervention, and a post-test (N = 84, mean age = 77 years, 88% female, 76% Caucasian, and 24% African American). At the pre-test, most participants agreed that eating more whole grain foods would help reduce their risk of cancer (69%), heart disease (76%), type 2 diabetes (65%), and bowel disorders (82%), but consumption of 11 whole grain foods was low (10.5 times/week). Following the intervention, participants were more likely to suggest one or more correct ways to identify whole grain foods (45 vs. 62%, P< or = 0.05), and to report an increased intake of whole grain bread, cereal, and crackers (5.8 vs. 6.9 times/week, P < or = 0.05). While awareness of the health benefits of whole grain foods was high, the intakes were low. As a first step, this intervention improved several aspects of the consumption of whole grain foods; however, additional interventions that target the individual and the congregate meal program are needed to increase intakes to the recommended three servings daily.
Jeanna Ellis; Mary Ann Johnson; Joan G Fischer; James L Hargrove
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of nutrition for the elderly     Volume:  24     ISSN:  0163-9366     ISO Abbreviation:  J Nutr Elder     Publication Date:  2005  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2005-05-24     Completed Date:  2005-10-06     Revised Date:  2009-11-19    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8208739     Medline TA:  J Nutr Elder     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  67-83     Citation Subset:  IM    
University of Georgia, Athens, GA, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Aged, 80 and over
Chi-Square Distribution
Food Habits*
Food Services
Middle Aged
Nutritional Sciences / education*
Statistics, Nonparametric

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