Document Detail


Nutrition and food commodities in the 20th century.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  19719130     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Nutrition in the 20th century is examined with respect to changes in the American diet due to changes in the economy and evolution from an agrarian to an industrialized society. The American farm family diet from two regions of the United States during the 1930s is studied on the basis of overall availability of food commodities. A discussion of the diet staples and differences in farm family health is presented and related to nutritional deficiencies. Beginning in the 1920s through the early 1930s dietary deficiencies became a major focus of public health officials in the United States. Identification of the cause of these human nutritional deficiencies prompted significant research by government agencies such as the U.S. Department of Agriculture, Food and Drug Administration, and National Institutes of Health. Medical schools, universities, pharmaceutical corporations, and private institutions directed their resources into basic chemical research and clinical trials to assess the role of vitamins, minerals, proteins, lipids, carbohydrates, and nutrients for improving human health and nutrition. Chemists played an important role in the discovery of vitamins, minerals, and essential nutrients, validating the efficacy through tedious clinical trials. They developed synthetic vitamins affording food manufacturers and pharmaceutical companies the opportunity to capitalize upon fortifying foods for consumers. The American chemist was also responsible for the development of commodities to maximize crop yield through pesticides and fertilizers.
Authors:
Sharon A Martini; Marshall Phillips
Publication Detail:
Type:  Historical Article; Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of agricultural and food chemistry     Volume:  57     ISSN:  1520-5118     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Agric. Food Chem.     Publication Date:  2009 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2009-09-16     Completed Date:  2010-01-28     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0374755     Medline TA:  J Agric Food Chem     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  8130-5     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, Concordville, Pennsylvania 19331-0625, USA. samartini@comcast.net
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Agriculture / history,  legislation & jurisprudence
Crops, Agricultural / chemistry,  history
Diet / history
Economic Recession / history
Fast Foods / history
Food / history*
Food Industry / history
Food Supply / history
History, 18th Century
History, 20th Century
History, 21st Century
Humans
Legislation, Food / history
Malnutrition / history
Nutritional Physiological Phenomena*
United States
United States Department of Agriculture / history
United States Food and Drug Administration / history

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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