Document Detail

Nutrition, child growth, and chronic disease prevention.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  18246473     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Countries undergoing the nutrition transition are experiencing a progressive increase in obesity and nutrition-related chronic diseases (NRCDs). In transitional countries, stunting (shortness for age) and micronutrient deficiencies (iron, vitamin A, and zinc) in children coexist with obesity and NRCDs originating the double burden of nutritional disease. The causal web for obesity and NRCDs is complex and multifaceted; changes in diet and physical activity of the population are likely the main concurrent determinant factors. However, recent evidence suggests that specific patterns of prenatal and postnatal growth are also potential contributors. Evidence indicates that intervention strategies to prevent malnutrition should emphasize improvements in linear growth in the first 2-3 years of life rather than aim at gaining weight. Avoiding excessive weight gain relative to height gain (BMI) is especially relevant after the first 2 years of life. Routine assessment of child growth based on the new World Health Organization (WHO) standard, defining energy needs based on the recent Food and Agricultural Organization (FAO)/WHO norms, and providing critical micronutrients to support lean mass growth are critical to prevent obesity and NRCDs starting early in the life course. These actions should contribute in the prevention and control of obesity in childhood and thus help prevent NRCDs in future generations of adults.
Ricardo Uauy; Juliana Kain; Verónica Mericq; Juanita Rojas; Camila Corvalán
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Review    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Annals of medicine     Volume:  40     ISSN:  0785-3890     ISO Abbreviation:  Ann. Med.     Publication Date:  2008  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2008-05-22     Completed Date:  2008-07-03     Revised Date:  2009-11-19    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8906388     Medline TA:  Ann Med     Country:  Sweden    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  11-20     Citation Subset:  IM    
Institute of Nutrition and Food Technology (INTA), University of Chile, Santiago, Chile.
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MeSH Terms
Child Development / physiology*
Child Nutrition Disorders / epidemiology,  prevention & control*
Child Nutritional Physiological Phenomena*
Child, Preschool
Chronic Disease / epidemiology,  prevention & control*
Developing Countries
Fetal Development / physiology
Growth Disorders / etiology,  prevention & control
Infant, Newborn
Micronutrients / deficiency
Obesity / etiology,  prevention & control*
Reg. No./Substance:

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