Document Detail

[Nutrition and Phosphorus - New progress and problem - . Phosphate and the risk of mortality].
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23023631     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
Phosphate is a macronutrient essential for the survival of living organisms, and phosphate depletion impairs cellular functions in various organ systems. However, epidemiological studies have shown that high phosphate level, even within normal range, is a risk factor for cardiovascular disease and all-cause mortality. This association is partly explained by Monckeberg's medial calcification, a characteristic atherosclerosis present in patients with advanced chronic kidney disease. Direct phosphate toxicity to vascular endothelial cells may also contribute to the outcomes. Additionally, recent studies suggest that increased levels of fibroblast growth factor 23 (FGF23) in response to phosphate loading can play a role in cardiovascular disease. However, it should be noted that there is no substantiated evidence to date that decreased phosphate loading lowers the risk of these outcomes. We still need to ascertain who should be treated, what should be monitored, and what kind of strategy we need to implement to alleviate the phosphate burden.
Yoshitsugu Obi; Takayuki Hamano
Publication Detail:
Type:  English Abstract; Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Clinical calcium     Volume:  22     ISSN:  0917-5857     ISO Abbreviation:  Clin Calcium     Publication Date:  2012 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-10-01     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9433326     Medline TA:  Clin Calcium     Country:  Japan    
Other Details:
Languages:  jpn     Pagination:  1515-23     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Geriatric Medicine& Nephrology, Osaka University Graduate School of Medicine, Japan.
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